Chemistry



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Chemistry is the study of the composition, structure, and properties of matter, as well as the changes it undergoes during chemical reactions. Chemistry focuses on the interactions between different types of matter, particularly reactions that involve electrons.

Topics: Periodic Table, Balancing Chemical Equations, Writing Balanced Equations, Stoichiometry, School Chemistry, Chemistry & Physics Experiments, High School Chemistry, General Chemistry I, General Chemistry II and Organic Chemistry.

Periodic Table

We will start with some lessons on atoms and the elements in the Periodic Table.

An Introduction to Atoms, Protons, Neutrons and Electrons Periodic Table of Elements
Group 1: The Alkali Metals Group 7: The Halogens
Group 0: The Noble Gasses Transition Metals

Balancing chemical equations

Interpret a chemical formula - counting the atoms

General rules for balancing equations

Rule 1Balancing chemical equations using the one’s and two’s technique Rule 2Balancing chemical equations using the two’s and three’s technique
Rule 3Balancing chemical equations using the CHO technique Rule 4Balancing chemical equations using the even technique
Rule 5Balancing chemical equations containing polyatomic ions  

Writing a balanced equation

Writing a balanced chemical equation Writing a balanced ionic equation

Stoichiometry

In the following lessons, we will look into some important skills of chemistry that involve mathematics:

Deducing chemical formulas Determining valency of elements
Methods to deduce chemical formulas
Naming chemical substances Naming ionic compounds
Naming covalent compounds
What is atomic number and mass number? Isotopes and Relative Atomic Mass
Relative Molecular Mass / Relative Formula Mass Mole, Avogadro Constant & Molar Mass
Mole Calculation - Moles to Mass, Mass to Moles Molar Volume, Avogadro's Law
Stoichiometry - Calculations from Equations Percent Yield & Percent Purity



School Chemistry

This is a series of lectures in videos covering Chemistry topics taught in schools.

Physical Change & Chemical Change Developing the Atomic Theory
Inside the Atom
The Elements: Chemistry Lesson
The Periodic Table of Elements: Chemistry Lesson
Atomic Theory of Matter
Dalton's Atomic Theory vs Modern Atomic Theory
The Atom, its Subatomic Particles and Chemical Notation
Anatomy of the Atom
Atom vs Ions: Comparing Bohr Diagrams
What is an Isotope?
Groups of the Periodic Table
The Periodic Table
Chemistry Group 1 – Alkali Metals
Chemistry Group 7 - Halogens
Reactions and Properties of Alkali Metals & Halogens
Ionic and Covalent Bonding Electron Dot Diagram
Writing Formulas For Binary Ionic Compounds
Naming Binary Ionic Compounds
Transition Metals and Writing Their Names and Formulas
Polyatomic Ions
Polyatomic Variations
Acid Base Nomenclature
Naming Polyatomic Acids (Oxy-Acids) and Bases
Acids Bases Practice Questions
Naming and Writing Formulas of Covalent Compounds
Hydrate Compounds
Balancing Equations
Balancing Equations Video
Balancing Chemical Equations
Synthesis Reactions
Synthesis Reactions Part 3
Decomposition Reactions
Single Displacement Reactions
Double Displacement Reactions
Neutralization Reactions
Combustion Reactions
More Balancing Equations
Single Displacement Reactions
Double Displacement Reactions
Solutions - Conductivity
Solutions - Solubility
Solutions - Saturation and Equilibrium
Solutions - Concentration Calculations
Solutions - How to prepare a solution
Solutions - Parts per million
Solutions - Net Ionic Equations
Solutions - Titration
Chemistry Experiments for Junior Certificate
Physics Experiments for Junior Certificate  



Chemistry and Physics Experiments

This is a series of chemistry and physics experiments presented by Dr Matt Carlson, a high school science teacher.

Mixing Light
Photons of Light
Air Pressure
Temperature
Freezing by Boiling
Free Fall
Packing Peanuts
Newton's Third Law
Concentration and Reaction Rates
Density
Fun with a Vacuum
Circular Motion
Bernoulli Effect
Thermal Conduction
Pendulums
Motion in Two Dimensions
Shoot the Monkey
Eddy Currents
Angular Momentum
Waves
The Doppler Effect
Mirror and Images
States of Matter
Liquid Air
Fluorescence
Making Clouds
Quantum Mechanics
A Particle Experiment
Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
Entropy
Rolling Uphill
Straight Line


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High School Chemistry

Significant Figures - Review Physical and Chemical Properties - Review
Atomic Theory of Matter - Review Isotopes and Average Atomic Mass
Isotopic Abundance Radioactivity
Development of Atomic Structure and Light Trends in the Periodic Table Review
Trends in the Periodic Table Atomic Radius Trends in the Periodic Table Ionization Energy
Trends in the Periodic Table Electron Affinity Trends in the Periodic Table Electronegativity
Ionic Bonding Writing Formulas for Ionic Compounds
Covalent Bonding(Includes Polar and Non-Polar) Metallic Bonding
Shapes of Molecules & Molecular Polarity Lewis Dot Structure
VSPER Theory I VSEPR Theory II
Electron Configuration Guide to Electron Configuration
Calculating Molar Mass Avogadro Constant
Molar Mass and Mole Empirical Formula
Calculating Empirical Formula Phase Changes & Energy I
Phase Changes & Energy II Intermolecular Forces
Pressure, Volume and Temperature Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases
Gas Laws Explained Boyle's, Charles', Gay-Lussac's, Combined Solving Gas Law Problems
Ideal Gas Law Balancing Reactions
Oxidation and Reduction Reactions Redox Reactions
Single Displacement Reactions Double Displacement Reactions
Redox - Half Reaction Method Oxidation Numbers
Electrochemistry Voltaic Cells
Electrolysis & Electroplating Stoichiometry
Stoichiometric Problems Molarity
Calculating Molarity Concentration of Solutions
Solutions and Solubility Factors affecting Solubility
Solubility Rules or Chart Ions in Aqueous Solution
Reaction of Aqueous Solutions I Reaction of Aqueous Solutions II
Stoichiometry in Aqueuos Solution Preparing Solutions
Gas Law Stoichiometry Problems Limiting Reagent or Reactant
Stoichiometry with Limiting Reagent or Reactant Reaction Mechanism - Factors affecting reaction rate
Endothermic & Exothermic Reactions (experiments) Potential Energy Diagrams and Activation Energy
Enthalpy Introduction to Equilibrium
Equilibrium Le Chatelier's Principle I
Le Chatelier's Principle II Acid and Base Properties
Acids and Bases: Strong and Weak Arrhenius Acids and Bases
Equilibrium Constant Kw pH Scale
Calculate the pH of Strong Acids and Bases Calculate the pH of Weak Acids and Bases
Calculating pH Bronsted Lowry Theory
Neutralization Reactions Neutralization Reaction Problems
Acid Base Indicators Acid Base Stoichiometry
Acid Base Titration Lab Techniques Acid Base Reactions
Acid Base Titration Problems Conjugate Acid Base Pairs
Titration Curves Organic Chemistry Alkanes; Nomenclature Aliphatics. Bonding for Alkanes
Alkenes, Alkynes Cyclic Alkanes and Halides Aromatics: Benzene Ring Alcohols, Carboxylic Acids, Esters Ketones, Aldehydes, Ethers, Amines
Organic Substitution Reactions Addition Reactions in Organic Chemistry Combustion and Elimination Reactions Polymers and some Organic Compounds Nuclear Chemistry and Nuclear Equations
Nuclear Fission and Nuclear Fussion Half Life



General Chemistry I

This is a series of lectures in videos covering Chemistry topics taught in colleges or universities.

Matter and Measurement
Units and Uncertainty
Solving Problems in Chemistry
Atoms and Elements
Elements and Moles
Chemical Bonding
Balancing Chemical Equations
Organic Molecules
Reaction Yields
Gases
Thermochemistry
 

General Chemistry II

Heat and Enthalpy
Enthalpy Changes for Chemical Reactions
Enthalpy of Expansion and Compression of Gases
Entropy and Heat
Entropy and Equilibrium
Entropy and Heat Engines
Chemical Equilibrium
Phase Equilibria
Liquid Solutions
Acids and Bases
Buffer Solutions
Acid-Base Titrations
Solubility of Ionic Solids
Selective Precipitation
Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
Batteries
Corrosion
Oxidation States Electrochemistry
Transition Metal Complexes
Electronic Structure of Coordination Complexes
Organic Chemistry
Bioorganic Chemistry
Chemical Kinetics
Complex Reaction Mechanisms
Nuclear Chemistry


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Organic Chemistry

Representing Structures of Organic Molecules
Naming Simple Alkanes
Naming Alkanes with Alkyl Groups
Correction - 2-Propylheptane should never be the name
Common and Systematic Naming-Iso, Sec and Tert Prefixes
Organic Chemistry Naming Examples
Organic Chemistry Naming Examples 3 Organic Chemistry Naming Examples 4 Organic Chemistry Naming Examples 5 Naming Alkenes Examples Naming Alkyl Halides sp3 Hybridized Orbitals and Sigma Bonds Pi bonds and sp2 Hybridized Orbitals
Newman Projections Newman Projections 2 Chair and Boat Shapes for Cyclohexane Double Newman Diagram for Methcyclohexane Introduction to Chirality Chiral Examples 1 Chiral Examples 2
Cahn-Ingold-Prelog System for Naming Enantiomers R,S (Cahn-Ingold-Prelog) Naming System Example 2 Stereoisomers, Enantiomers, Diastereomers, Constitutional Isomers and Meso Compounds Cis-Trans and E-Z Naming Scheme for Alkenes Entgegen-Zusammen Naming Scheme for Alkenes Examples
Introduction to Reaction Mechanisms Markovnikov's Rule and Carbocations Addition of Water (Acid-Catalyzed) Mechanism Polymerization of Alkenes with Acid SN2 Reactions SN1 Reactions Steric Hindrance SN2 Stereochemistry
Solvent Effects on SN1 and SN2 Reactions Nucleophilicity (Nucleophile Strength) Nucleophilicity vs. Basicity E2 Reactions E1 Reactions Zaitsev's Rule
Comparing E2 E1 SN2 SN1 Reactions E2 E1 SN2 SN1 Reactions Example 2 E2 E1 SN2 SN1 Reactions Example 3 Free Radical Reactions Alcohols Alcohol Properties Resonance in benzene and the carbonate ion
Ether Naming and Introduction Cyclic ethers and epoxide naming Ring-opening SN2 reaction of expoxides SN1 and SN2 epoxide opening discussion Aromatic Compounds and Huckel's Rule Naming Benzene Derivatives Introduction Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution Bromination of Benzene
Amine Naming Introduction Amine Naming 2 Amine as Nucleophile in Sn2 Reaction Amine in Sn2 part 2 Sn1 Amine Reaction Aldehyde Introduction Ketone Naming Friedel Crafts Acylation Friedel Crafts Acylation Addendum Keto Enol Tautomerization
Carboxlic Acid Introduction Carboxylic Acid Naming Fisher Esterification Acid Chloride Formation Amides, Anhydrides, Esters and Acyl Chlorides Relative Stability of Amides Esters Anhydrides and Acyl Chlorides Amide Formation from Acyl Chloride Aldol Reaction





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