In these lessons, we will learn

- the area of a sector in a circle
- the formula for area of sector (in degrees)
- the formula for area of sector (in radians)
- how to calculate the central angle of a sector
- how to calculate the radius of a sector
- how to calculate the area of a segment

Related Topics: More Geometry Lessons, Geometry Games

The following table gives the formulas for the area of sector and area of segment for angles in degrees or radians. Scroll down the page for more explanations, examples and worksheets for the area of sectors and segments.

A sector is like a "pizza slice" of the circle. It consists of a region bounded by two radii and an arc lying between the radii.

The area of a sector is a fraction of the area of the circle. This area is proportional to the central angle. In other words, the bigger the central angle, the larger is the area of the sector.

We will now look at the formula for the area of a sector where the central angle is measured in degrees.

Recall that the angle of a full circle is 360˚ and that the formula for the area of a circle is π*r*^{2}.

Comparing the area of sector and area of circle, we derive the formula for the area of sector when the central angle is given in degrees.

where *r* is the radius of the circle

This formula allows us to calculate any one of the values given the other two values.

Worksheet to calculate arc length and area of a sector (degrees)

We can calculate the area of the sector, given the central angle and radius of circle.

* Example: *

Given that the radius of the circle is 5 cm, calculate the area of the shaded sector. (Take π = 3.142).

* Solution: *

Area of sector =

=13.09 cm^{2}

We can calculate the central angle subtended by a sector, given the area of the sector and area of circle.

* Example: *

The area of a sector with a radius of 6 cm is 35.4 cm^{2}. Calculate the angle of the sector. (Take π = 3.142).

* Solution:*

Central Angle =

= 112.67°

It explains how to find the area of a sector of a circle. The formula for the area of a circle is given and the formula for the area of a sector of a circle is derived.

Example: Janice needs to find the area of the red section of the circular table top in order to buy the right amount of paint. What is the area of the red section of the circular table top?

Step 1: Find the area of the entire circle using the area formula A = πr

Step 2: Find the fraction of the circle by putting the angle measurement of the sector over 360°, the total number of degrees in a circle

Step 3: Multiply the fraction by the area of the circle. Leave your answer in terms of π.

The following video shows how we can calculate the area of a sector using the formula in degrees and how to find the missing radius after you are given the sector area and the size of the central angle.

Example 1: Find the area of the shaded region.

Example 2: Find the radius of the circle if the area of the shaded region is 50π

Next, we will look at the formula for the area of a sector where the central angle is measured in radians. Recall that the angle of a full circle in radians is 2π.

Comparing the area of sector and area of circle, we get the formula for the area of sector when the central angle is given in radians.

where *r* is the radius of the circle

This formula allows us to calculate any one of the values given the other two values.

Worksheet to calculate arc length and area of sector (radians)

Example: A lawn sprinkler located at the corner of a yard rotates through 90° and sprays water 30ft. What is the area of the sector watered?

How to determine the area of a segment? (the area bounded by a chord and an arc).

Example 1: Find the area of the sector of a circle with radius 8 feet formed by a central angle of 110°

Example 2: Find the area of the shaded region in the circle with radius 12cm and a central angle of 80°.

The area of segment in a circle is equal to the area of sector minus the area of the triangle.

This video shows how to derive the area of a segment formula.

How do you find the area of a segment of a circle?

You can use the Mathway widget below to practice Algebra or other math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your own problem. Then click "Answer" to check your answer.

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