Equilateral Triangles, Isosceles Triangles and Scalene Triangles
In this lesson, we will learn to
- classify triangles by length of sides: Equilateral Triangles, Isosceles Triangles, Scalene Triangles
- solve some problems involving angles and sides of triangles
Triangles are polygons that have three sides, three vertices and three angles. One way to classify triangles is by the length of their sides.
Triangles classified by their sides
An isosceles triangle has two sides of equal length. The angles
opposite the equal sides are also equal. These two angles are called the base angles.
An isosceles triangle has one angle of
96º. What are the sizes of the other two angles?
Step 1: Since it is an isosceles
triangle it will have two equal angles. The given 96º angle cannot
be one of the equal pair because a triangle cannot have two obtuse
Step 2: Let x be one of
the two equal angles. The sum of all the angles in any triangle
x + x + 96° = 180°
2x = 84°
x = 42°
Answer: The sizes of the other
two angles are 42º each.
An equilateral triangle has all three sides equal in length. Its
three angles are also equal and they are each 60º. Therefore, an equilateral triangle is also an equiangular triangle.
An equilateral triangle can be considered a special case of isosceles triangle, having all three sides equal.
A scalene triangle has no sides of equal length. Its angles are
also all different in size.
The shortest side would be opposite the smallest angle. The longest side will be biggest angle.
The following videos shows the different types of triangles and some problems involving the angles.
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