In these lessons, we will learn
Verbs have different forms, called tenses. The tense of a verb tells us when the action happens.
The following table gives some examples of present and past participles. Scroll down the page for more examples and solutions.
We form the present participle by adding ing to the verb.
learn + ing = learning
sing + ing = singing
read + ing = reading
We can use the present participle with the auxiliary verb to be to form the continuous tense.
We can use the present participle to form the perfect continuous tense.
Present participles can also form adjectives.
I can hear the bouncing ball.
These are his jogging shoes.
If the verb has one syllable, one vowel and ends with a consonant, double the last letter before adding ing.
If a verb ends ends in silent ‘-e’, the silent ‘-e’ is dropped and ‘-ing’ is added.
If a verb ends with a single l, it is doubled in British English but not in American English.
What is a present participle adjective?
A present participle adjective is a word formed from a verb using the present participle or “ing” form of the verb.
This video shows some examples of present particles used as adjectives.
Participle adjectives ending in “ing” and “ed”
In this lesson you will learn:
-ing adjectives are the present participle form of the verb.
-ed adjectives are the past participle form of the verb.
The adjectives that cause confusion for students are the ones that describe feelings and emotion. They cause confusion because both types can be used to describe people but the meaning is very different.
Common examples are:
interesting vs interested
boring vs bored
exciting vs excited
Compare the past tense, past participle and present participle
Try the free Mathway calculator and
problem solver below to practice various math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your own
problem and check your answer with the step-by-step explanations.
We welcome your feedback, comments and questions about this site or page. Please submit your feedback or enquiries via our Feedback page.