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Math Worksheets

Lessons for First Grade

Free Printable Worksheets

Word Problems (Addition & Subtraction)

Word Problems (Multiplication & Division)

In these free math worksheets, students learn to solve multiplication & division word problems.

There are two sets of multiplication & division word problems worksheets:

Word Problems Worksheets (one-step)

Word Problems Worksheets (two-step)

**How to solve multiplication & division word problems?**

Solving multiplication and division word problems involves breaking down the problem, identifying the key information, and using appropriate mathematical operations to find the solution.

Distinguishing between multiplication and division word problems involves understanding the context of the problem and identifying key phrases or clues that indicate which operation is required. Here are some tips to help you differentiate between multiplication and division word problems:

**Multiplication Word Problems:**

- Repeated Addition:

Look for situations where a quantity is repeated a certain number of times. Phrases like “times,” “each,” “in all,” or “total” often indicate multiplication.

Example: There are 6 boxes, and each box contains 8 chocolates. How many chocolates in all?

- Groups or Sets:

Identify scenarios where items are grouped into sets or categories. The total number of items is found by multiplying the number of groups by the number of items in each group.

Example: There are 4 shelves, and each shelf has 15 books. How many books are there in total?

**Division Word Problems:**

- Sharing or Distributing:

Identify situations where a quantity is shared or distributed among a certain number of groups or individuals. Phrases like “share equally,” “divide,” or “split” often indicate division.

Example: There are 24 cookies, and they need to be shared equally among 6 friends. How many cookies does each friend get?

- Group Size:

Look for problems that involve determining the size of each group when a total quantity is divided into parts.

Example: A baker has 36 cupcakes, and he wants to pack them into boxes. If each box can hold 6 cupcakes, how many boxes will he need?

**Keywords:**

Pay attention to keywords that indicate multiplication or division. Words like “times,” “multiply,” “each,” and “total” often suggest multiplication, while words like “share,” “divide,” and “split” suggest division.

**Context:**

Consider the overall context of the problem. If you are dealing with the total amount or combining quantities, it’s likely a multiplication problem. If you are dividing or distributing a quantity, it’s likely a division problem.

By carefully reading the word problem and recognizing these clues, you can determine whether the problem requires multiplication or division. Practice with a variety of problems to strengthen your skills in distinguishing between the two operations.

Have a look at this video if you need to review how to solve multiplication or division word problems.

Click on the following worksheet to get a printable pdf document.

Scroll down the page for more **Multiplication/Division Word Problems Worksheets**.

**Printable**

(Answers on the second page.)

Multiply Divide Word Problems Worksheet #1 (one-step)

Multiply Divide Word Problems Worksheet #2 (one-step)

Multiply Divide Word Problems Worksheet #3 (two-step)

Multiply Divide Word Problems Worksheet #4 (two-step)

**Online**

Multiplication Word Problems (at most 3-digit)

Multiplication Word Problems (at most 4-digit)

2-step Word Problems (using +, -, ×)

Multi-step Word Problems (using +, -, ×)

Multiplication Word Problems

Multiplication Word Problems (using tape diagrams)

Try the free Mathway calculator and
problem solver below to practice various math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your own
problem and check your answer with the step-by-step explanations.

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