Future Perfect Tense

Verbs have different forms, called tenses. The tense of a verb tells us when the action happens.

In this lesson, we will learn

  • how to form the Future Perfect Tense
  • when to use the Future Perfect Tense
  • how to form negatives in the Future Perfect Tense
  • the differences between the present perfect tense, past perfect tense and future perfect tense

Related Topics:
More Lessons on English Grammar

IELTS, TOEFL and English as a Second Language

Forming the Future Perfect

The future perfect consists of two verbs: helping verb (will have) and main verb (past participle).

will have + past participle = future perfect

 

When to use the Future Perfect Tense

The future perfect takes place before another action in the future.

Examples:

When you get this message I will have left for New York.

I hope that I will have finished my work before the weekend.

By the end of the month, she will have completed the English course.

Forming the Negative

We form the negative by adding not between the helping verb will and have.

will + not + have + past participle

Contraction (or short form):

will not = won’t

Examples:

Simon will not have arrived before 8 pm tonight.

By the end of this month I won’t have completed this project.

Differences between the present perfect tense, past perfect tense and future perfect tense

Tense

Form

present perfect tense

has/have + past participle

past perfect tense

had + past participle

future perfect tense

will have + past participle

The present perfect connects the past with present.

The past perfect takes place before another action in the past.

The future perfect takes place before another action in the future.

 

Examples:

Since last Tuesday, I have woken up early. (present past tense)

Before this week, however, I had never woken up so early. (past perfect tense)

By the end of this week I will have woken up early four times. (future perfect tense)

Videos

The following video examines the use of perfect tenses in both the simple and continuous aspect - past, present and future forms. In grammatical terms, perfect tenses are used to refer to completed or finished events.

How to make future perfect sentences and what they mean.







The Future Perfect is the perfect tense for setting goals with deadlines. A deadline is a date that you must complete an activity or job.



How to make and use the future perfect tense.
will + have + the past participle







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