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Simple Future Tense


Verbs have different forms, called tenses. The tense of a verb tells us when the action happens.

In this lesson, we will learn

  • when to use the future tense
  • how to form the future tense
  • what is the difference between "will" and "going to"

Related Topics:
More Lessons on English Grammar

IELTS, TOEFL and English as a Second Language

When to use the future tense?

We use the future tense when we want to talk about future actions or happenings.

Forming the Future Tense

Form 1: will + verb


I will write to John.

It will be dark soon.

Form 2: am/is/are + going to + verb


I am going to finish my work soon.

We are going to win.

What is the difference between "will" and "going to"?

We usually use going to when the situation is planned


I am going to visit Sally.

We are going to be back for dinner.

We usually use will + verb when the situation is unplanned or in formal writing.

Examples of unplanned situations

I will answer the phone.

I'll get it. (I'll is the contraction or short form for I will)

Examples of formal writing

I will visit Sally.

We will be back for dinner.


This video shows how to make the future tense using "will" and the simple form of the verb. Pronunciation practice is important with the contractions.

This video shows how to make the future tense with "going to"

This video will explain how the future tense is used in conversation.

Are you confused about if you should use 'will' or 'going to' to talk about the future? Watch this grammar lesson.

The Future Tense.

Simple Future Tense, Part 1
Simple future tense rules for using 'will" and "be going to" in making future tense sentences.

Simple Future Tense, part 2
More discussion of "will" and "be going to" for making simple future sentences.

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