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Simple Future Tense

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More Lessons on English Grammar
IELTS, TOEFL and English as a Second Language

Verbs have different forms, called tenses. The tense of a verb tells us when the action happens.

In this lesson, we will learn
  • when to use the future tense
  • how to form the future tense
  • what is the difference between "will" and "going to"

When to use the future tense?

We use the future tense when we want to talk about future actions or happenings.

Forming the Future Tense

Form 1: will + verb


I will write to John.

It will be dark soon.

Form 2: am/is/are + going to + verb


I am going to finish my work soon.

We are going to win.

The following diagrams show examples of Future Tense and the differences between using "Will" and "Going to". Scroll down the page for more examples and explanations.

Future Tense

What is the difference between "will" and "going to"?

We usually use going to when the situation is planned


I am going to visit Sally.

We are going to be back for dinner.

We usually use will + verb when the situation is unplanned or in formal writing.

Examples of unplanned situations

I will answer the phone.

I'll get it. (I'll is the contraction or short form for I will)

Examples of formal writing

I will visit Sally.

We will be back for dinner.

The Future Tense: Will vs. Going To
There are two ways to talk about the future in English: will/won't and going to.
Use "going to" for plans and arrangements
Use "will/won't" for promises
Use "will" for offers
Use "will" for decisions made in the moment
Use "will/won't" or "going to" for predictions or statements about the future
How to make the future tense using "will" and the simple form of the verb?
Pronunciation practice is important with the contractions.

How to make the future tense with "going to"? How the future tense is used in conversation? Are you confused about if you should use 'will' or 'going to' to talk about the future?
Watch this grammar lesson.

The Future Tense Simple Future Tense, Part 1
Simple future tense rules for using 'will" and "be going to" in making future tense sentences. Simple Future Tense, part 2
More discussion of "will" and "be going to" for making simple future sentences.

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