Polygons: Examples


In these lessons, we will learn

  • polygons,
  • types of polygons
    • simple or complex,
    • convex or concave,
    • equilateral,
    • equiangular,
    • regular or irregular
  • names of polygons

Related Pages
Polygons
Angles Of Polygons
Quadrilaterals
Cyclic Quadrilaterals
More Geometry Lessons




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Polygon

A polygon is a closed shape that has three or more sides. Each side is a line segment. The line segments form the sides of the polygon.

The following are examples of polygons:

examples of polygons

The following figures are not polygons:

not polygons

Types of Polygons

Simple Polygons or Complex Polygons

The sides of a simple polygon do not intersect. In a simple polygon, the line segments meet in pairs to form the vertices. Usually the word "simple" is omitted and the word "polygon" is used to mean "simple polygon".

A complex polygon has intersecting sides.
complex polygon

Convex Polygons or Concave Polygons

A convex polygon has all angles less than 180°.

A concave polygon has at least one angle greater than 180°. (memory tool: concave has a "cave" in it)

convex concave polygons

Equilateral Polygon

An equilateral polygon is a polygon which has all sides of the same length. A rhombus is an example of an equilateral polygon.

Equiangular Polygon

An equiangular polygon is a polygon whose interior angles are equal. A rectangle is an example of an equiangular polygon.

Regular Polygons or Irregular Polygons

A regular polygon is a polygon with equal sides and equal angles otherwise it is an irregular polygon. A regular polygon is both equilateral and equiangular.

regular irregular polygons




Names of Polygons

Some polygons have special names, depending on the number of sides they have.

The following table gives the names and properties of polygons with different number of sides. Scroll down the page for more examples and solutions.

Names of polygons

For polygons with more sides, it is easier and quite common to use a number to indicate the number of sides. For eg. 15-gon or 23-gon.

Worksheets

Practice the names of polygons with the following worksheets
Number of Sides In Polygons - Give the number of sides.

Names of Polygons - Give the names of polygons.

How to define a polygon?
How to distinguish between concave and convex polygons?
How to name polygons?



What is the difference between a regular and irregular polygons?
The following video explains what are polygons, defines regular and irregular polygons and their features.

Interior Angles in Convex Polygons
The following video will show you the different types of polygons based on their sides and angles measures.

Examples of classifying polygons
Convex Hexagon, Concave Octagon, Convex Equilateral Nonagon.

Try the free Mathway calculator and problem solver below to practice various math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your own problem and check your answer with the step-by-step explanations.
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