Common Core |
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The eight principles of mathematical practice are:
Domains | Grades |
Counting and Cardinality | Kindergarten |
Operations and Algebraic Thinking | Kindergarten, Grades 1 - 5 |
Number and Operations in Base 10 | Kindergarten, Grades 1 - 5 |
Number and Operations & Fractions | Grades 3 - 5 |
Measurement and Data | Kindergarten, Grades 1 - 5 |
Geometry | Kindergarten, Grades 1 - 8 |
The Number System | Grades 6 - 8 |
Expressions and Equations | Grades 6 - 8 |
Statistics and Probability | Grades 6 - 8 |
Ratios & Proportional Relationships | Grades 6 - 7 |
Functions | Grade 8 |
Common Core for Kindergarten
Counting & Cardinality Know number names and the count sequence. Count to tell the number of objects. Compare numbers. Operations & Algebraic Thinking Understand addition as putting together and adding to, and understand subtraction as taking apart and taking from. Number & Operations in Base Ten Work with numbers 11-19 to gain foundations for place value. Measurement and Data Describe and compare measurable attributes. Classify objects and count the number of objects in each category. Geometry Identify and describe shapes. Analyze, compare, create, and compose shapes. |
Common
Core for Grade 1 Operations & Algebraic Thinking
Represent & solve problems involving addition & subtraction. Understand & apply properties of operations and the relationship between addition and subtraction. Add and subtract within 20. Work with addition and subtraction equations. Number & Operations in Base Ten Extend the counting sequence. Understand place value. Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract. Measurement and Data Measure lengths indirectly and by iterating length units. Tell and write time. Represent and interpret data. Geometry Reason with shapes and their attributes. |
Common
Core for Grade 2 Operations &
Algebraic Thinking Represent and solve problems involving addition and subtraction. Add and subtract within 20. Work with equal groups of objects to gain foundations for multiplication. Number & Operations in Base Ten Understand place value. Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract. Measurement and Data Measure & estimate lengths in standard units. Relate addition and subtraction to length. Work with time and money. Represent and interpret data. Geometry Reason with shapes and their attributes. |
Common
Core for Grade 3 Operations &
Algebraic Thinking Represent and solve problems involving multiplication and division. Understand properties of multiplication and the relationship between multiplication and division. Multiply and divide within 100. Solve problems involving the four operations, and identify and explain patterns in arithmetic. Number & Operations in Base Ten Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic. Number & Operations & Fractions Develop understanding of fractions as numbers. Measurement and Data Solve problems involving measurement and estimation of intervals of time, liquid volumes, and masses of objects. Represent and interpret data. Geometric measurement: understand concepts of area and relate area to multiplication and to addition. Geometric measurement: recognize perimeter as an attribute of plane figures and distinguish between linear and area measures. Geometry Reason with shapes and their attributes. |
Common
Core for Grade 4 Operations &
Algebraic Thinking Use the four operations with whole numbers to solve problems. Gain familiarity with factors and multiples. Generate and analyze patterns. Number & Operations in Base Ten Generalize place value understanding for multi-digit whole numbers. Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic. Number & Operations & Fractions Extend understanding of fraction equivalence and ordering. Build fractions from unit fractions by applying and extending previous understandings of operations on whole numbers. Understand decimal notation for fractions, and compare decimal fractions. Measurement and Data Solve problems involving measurement and conversion of measurements from a larger unit to a smaller unit. Represent and interpret data. Geometric measurement: understand concepts of angle and measure angles. Geometry Draw and identify lines and angles, and classify shapes by properties of their lines and angles. |
Common
Core for Grade 5 Operations &
Algebraic Thinking Write and interpret numerical expressions. Analyze patterns and relationships. Number & Operations in Base Ten Understand the place value system. Perform operations with multi-digit whole numbers and with decimals to hundredths. Number & Operations &Fractions Use equivalent fractions as a strategy to add and subtract fractions. Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division to multiply and divide fractions. Measurement and Data Convert like measurement units within a given measurement system. Represent and interpret data. Geometric measurement: understand concepts of volume and relate volume to multiplication and to addition. Geometry Graph points on the coordinate plane to solve real-world and mathematical problems. Classify two-dimensional figures into categories based on their properties. |
Common
Core for Grade 6 Ratios &
Proportional Relationships Understand ratio concepts and use ratio reasoning to solve problems. The Number System Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division to divide fractions by fractions. Multiply and divide multi-digit numbers and find common factors and multiples. Apply and extend previous understandings of numbers to the system of rational numbers. Expressions & Equations Apply and extend previous understandings of arithmetic to algebraic expressions. Reason about and solve one-variable equations and inequalities. Represent and analyze quantitative relationships between dependent and independent variables. Geometry Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving area, surface area, and volume. Statistics & Probability Develop understanding of statistical variability. Summarize and describe distributions. |
Common
Core for Grade 7 Ratios &
Proportional Relationships Analyze proportional relationships and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems. The Number System Apply and extend previous understandings of operations with fractions to add, subtract, multiply, and divide rational numbers. Expressions & Equations Use properties of operations to generate equivalent expressions. Solve real-life and mathematical problems using numerical and algebraic expressions and equations. Geometry Draw, construct and describe geometrical figures and describe the relationships between them. Solve real-life and mathematical problems involving angle measure, area, surface area, and volume. Statistics & Probability Use random sampling to draw inferences about a population. Draw informal comparative inferences about two populations. Investigate chance processes and develop, use, and evaluate probability models. |
Common
Core for Grade 8 The Number System Know that there are numbers that are not rational, and approximate them by rational numbers. Expressions and Equations Work with radicals and integer exponents. Understand the connections between proportional relationships, lines, and linear equations. Analyze and solve linear equations and pairs of simultaneous linear equations. Functions Define, evaluate, and compare functions. Use functions to model relationships between quantities. Geometry Understand congruence and similarity using physical models, transparencies, or geometry software. Understand and apply the Pythagorean Theorem. Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving volume of cylinders, cones and spheres. Statistics and Probability Investigate patterns of association in bivariate data. |
High
School: Number & Quantity The
Real Number System Extend the properties of exponents to rational exponents Classify numbers as rational or irrational Quantities Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems The Complex Number System Perform arithmetic operations with complex numbers Represent complex numbers and their operations on the complex plane Use complex numbers in polynomial identities and equations Vector and Matrix Quantities Represent and model with vector quantities. Perform operations on vectors. Perform operations on matrices and use matrices in applications. |
High School Algebra Seeing
Structure in Expressions Interpret the structure of expressions Write expressions in equivalent forms to solve problems Arithmetic with Polynomials and Rational Functions Perform arithmetic operations on polynomials Understand the relationship between zeros and factors of polynomials Use polynomial identities to solve problems Rewrite rational functions Creating Equations Create equations that describe numbers or relationships Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities Understand solving equations as a process of reasoning and explain the reasoning Solve equations and inequalities in one variable Solve systems of equations Represent and solve equations and inequalities graphically |
High
School: Functions Interpreting
Functions Understand the concept of a function and use function notation Interpret functions that arise in applications in terms of the context Analyze functions using different representations Building Functions Build a function that models a relationship between two quantities Build new functions from existing functions Linear, Quadratic, and Exponential Models Construct and compare linear and exponential models and solve problems Interpret expressions for functions in terms of the situation they model Trigonometric Functions Extend the domain of trigonometric functions using the unit circle Model periodic phenomena with trigonometric functions Prove and apply trigonometric identities |
High School: Geometry Congruence Experiment with transformations in the plane Understand congruence in terms of rigid motions Prove geometric theorems Make geometric constructions Similarity, Right Triangles, and Trigonometry Understand similarity in terms of similarity transformations Prove theorems involving similarity Define trigonometric ratios and solve problems involving right triangles Apply trigonometry to general triangles Circles Understand and apply theorems about circles Find arc lengths and areas of sectors of circles Expressing Geometric Properties with Equations Translate between the geometric description and the equation for a conic section Use coordinates to prove simple geometric theorems algebraically Geometric Measurement and Dimension Explain volume formulas and use them to solve problems Visualize relationships between two-dimensional and three-dimensional objects Modeling with Geometry Apply geometric concepts in modeling situations |
High
School: Statistics and Probability Interpreting
Categorical and Quantitative Data Summarize, represent, and interpret data on a single count or measurement variable Summarize, represent, and interpret data on two categorical and quantitative variables Interpret linear models Making Inferences and Justifying Conclusions Understand and evaluate random processes underlying statistical experiments Make inferences and justify conclusions from sample surveys, experiments and observational studies Conditional Probability and the Rules of Probability Understand independence and conditional probability and use them to interpret data Use the rules of probability to compute probabilities of compound events in a uniform probability model Using Probability to Make Decisions Calculate expected values and use them to solve problems Use probability to evaluate outcomes of decisions |
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