OML Search

Some basic geometry concepts, words and notations that you would need to know are points, lines, line segments, midpoints, rays, planes and space.

Related Topics:More Geometry Lessons

We may think of a **point** as a "dot" on a piece of paper
or the pinpoint on a board. In geometry, we usually identify this
point with a number or letter. A point has no length, width, or
height - it just specifies an exact location. It is zero-dimensional.

Every point needs a name. To name a point, we can use a single capital letter. The following is a diagram of points *A*, *B*, and *M*:

We can use a **line** to connect two points on a sheet of paper. A line is one-dimensional. That is, a line has length, but no width
or height. In geometry, a line is perfectly straight and extends forever in both directions. A line is uniquely determined by two points.

Lines need names just like points do, so that we can refer to them easily. To name a line, pick any two points on the line.

The line passing through the points

AandB

is denoted by_{ }

A set of points that lie on the same line are said to be **collinear**.

Because the length of any line is infinite, we sometimes use parts of a line. A **line segment** connects two endpoints. A line
segment with two endpoints *A* and *B* is denoted by _{
} .

A line segment can also be drawn as part of a line.

The midpoint of a segment divides the segment into two segments
of equal length. The diagram below shows the midpoint *M* of
the line segment _{ }
. Since *M* is the midpoint, we know that the lengths *AM
*= *MB.*

A **ray** is part of a line that extends without end in one direction. It starts from one endpoint and extends forever in one
direction.

A ray starting from point

Aand passing throughBis denoted by

_{ }

Planes are two-dimensional. A plane has length and width, but no height, and extends infinitely on all sides. Planes are thought of as flat surfaces, like a tabletop. A plane is made up of an infinite amount of lines. Two-dimensional figures are called plane figures.

All the points and lines that lie on the same plane are said to be **coplanar**.

A plane

Space is the set of all points in the three dimensions - length, width and height. It is made up of an infinite number of planes. Figures in space are called solids.

Figures in space

This video explains and demonstrates the fundamental concepts (undefined terms) of geometry: points, lines, collinear, planes, and coplanar.

The following video gives the definitions of a point, a line, a plane, and space, as well as the symbols that are used in Geometry to represent each figure.

General Angle Basics: Angle Characteristics - rays, vertex,

Angle Classification - acute angle, right angle, obtuse angle, Complementary and Supplementary Angles

Understanding basic ideas in geometry and how we represent them with symbols