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AP Calculus AB 2018 Questions and Answers




 

Questions and Worked Solutions for AP Calculus AB 2018.

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AP Calculus AB 2018 Free Response Questions - Complete Paper (pdf)

AP Calculus AB 2018 Free Response Question 1
Rate in/rate out problem. You can use a calculator. Find total entering. Use an accumulation function and the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus (FTC). Finding the absolute minimum on a closed interval.
1. People enter a line for an escalator at a rate modeled by the function r given by
where r(t) is measured in people per second and t is measured in seconds. As people get on the escalator, they exit the line at a constant rate of 0.7 person per second. There are 20 people in line at time t = 0.
(a) How many people enter the line for the escalator during the time interval 0 ≤ t ≤ 300 ?
(b) During the time interval 0 ≤ t ≤ 300, there are always people in line for the escalator. How many people are in line at time t = 300 ?
(c) For t > 300, what is the first time t that there are no people in line for the escalator?
(d) For 0 ≤ t ≤ 300, at what time t is the number of people in line a minimum? To the nearest whole number, find the number of people in line at this time. Justify your answer.
AP Calculus AB 2018 Free Response Question 2
Particle motion along the x-axis problem. Given velocity. Find derivative at a point, acceleration, using calculator. Find position using the FTC (Fundamental Theorem of Calculus). Distinguish between displacement and distance traveled. Find when velocity is equal to that of a second particle.
2. A particle moves along the x-axis with velocity given by
for time 0 ≤ t ≤ 3.5.
The particle is at position x = −5 at time t = 0.
(a) Find the acceleration of the particle at time t = 3.
(b) Find the position of the particle at time t = 3.
(c) Evaluate and evaluate. Interpret the meaning of each integral in the context of the problem.
(d) A second particle moves along the x-axis with position given by x2(t) = t2 - t for 0 ≤ t ≤ 3.5. At what time t are the two particles moving with the same velocity?



AP Calculus AB 2018 Free Response Question 3
Reasoning from a graph. Using the FTC and a graph geometrically. Using the FTC and a function. Finding an antiderivative. Using the first derivative to find where a function is increasing and concave up. Finding and justifying points of inflection.
3. The graph of the continuous function g, the derivative f, is shown above. The function g is piecewise linear for -5 ≤ x ≤ 3, and g(x) = 2(x - 4)2 for 3 ≤ x ≤ 6.
(a) If f(1) = 3, what is the value of f(-5)?
(b) Evaluate
(c) For -5 < x < 6, on what open intervals, if any, is the graph of f both increasing and concave up? Give a reason for your answer.
(d) Find the x-coordinate of each point of inflection of the graph of f. Give a reason for your answer.
AP Calculus AB 2018 Free Response Question 4
Reasoning from a table. Approximating a derivative at a point. Using MVT (Mean Value Theorem) to guarantee a value. Trapezoidal Rule to approximate average value. Related rates problem using a new function
4. The height of a tree at time t is given by a twice-differentiable function H, where H(t)) is measured in meters and t is measured in years. Selected values of H(t) are given in the table above.
(a) Use the data in the table to estimate H'(6). Using correct units, interpret the meaning of H'(6) in the context of the problem.
(b) Explain why there must be at least one time t, for 2 < t < 10 , such that H'(t) = 2.
(c) Use a trapezoidal sum with the four subintervals indicated by the data in the table to approximate the average height of the tree over the time interval 2 ≤ t ≤ 10.
(d) The height of the tree, in meters, can also be modeled by the function G, given by , where x is the diameter of the base of the tree, in meters. When the tree is 50 meters tall, the diameter of the base of the tree is increasing at a rate of 0.03 meter per year. According to this model, what is the rate of change of the height of the tree with respect to time, in meters per year, at the time when the tree is 50 meters tall?
AP Calculus AB 2018 Free Response Question 5
Working with a function. Find average rate of change. Slope of tangent line using product rule. Absolute minimum using Candidates Test. Applying L’Hopital’s Rule to a limit. You should definitely review the Unit Circle since trig values came up a lot during the 2018 exam.
5. Let f be the function defined by f(x) = ex cos x.
(a) Find the average rate of change of f on the interval 0 ≤ x ≤ π.
(b) What is the slope of the line tangent to the graph of f at x = 3π/2?
(c) Find the absolute minimum value of f on the interval 0 ≤ x ≤ 2π. Justify your answer.
(d) Let g be a differentiable function such that g(π/2) = 0. The graph of g', the derivative of g, is shown below. Find the value of or state that it does not exist. Justify your answer.


AP Calculus AB 2018 Free Response Question 6
6. Consider the differential equation dy/dx = 1/3 x(y - 2)2. (a) A slope field for the given differential equation is shown below. Sketch the solution curve that passes through the point (0, 2), and sketch the solution curve that passes through the point (1, 0).
(b) Let y = f(x) be the particular solution to the given differential equation with initial condition f(1) = 0. Write an equation for the line tangent to the graph of y = f(x) at x = 1. Use your equation to approximate f(0.7).
(c) Find the particular solution y = f(x) to the given differential equation with initial condition f(1) = 0.

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