In these lessons, we will learn

In this lesson, we will look at the 30°-60°-90° triangle. We also have lessons on other special right triangles

### 30°-60°-90° Triangles

The 30°-60°-90° triangle is one example of a special right triangle. It is right triangle whose angles are 30°, 60° and 90°.
The lengths of the sides of a 30°-60°-90°
triangle are in the ratio of 1:√3:2.

The following diagram shows a 30-60-90 triangle and the ratio of the sides. Scroll down the page for more examples and solutions on how to use the 30-60-90 triangle.

The hypotenuse is always twice the length of the shorter leg (the side facing the 30° angle). The longer leg (the side facing the 60° angle) is √3 times of the shorter leg.

### Solve problems involving 30°-60°-90° right triangles

**Special Right Triangles in Geometry: 45-45-90 and 30-60-90 degree triangles**

This video discusses two special right triangles, how to derive the formulas to find the lengths of the sides of the triangles by knowing the length of one side, and then does a few examples using them.**Applying the 30-60-90 triangle to find the height of a building**

An example in which we use some of the great properties of a 30-60-90 right triangle to find the height of a tower**Using what we know about 30-60-90 triangles to solve what at first seems to be a challenging problem**

### Proof the ratios between the sides of a 30-60-90 triangle

Proving the ratios between the sides of a 30-60-90 triangle are 1:√3:2.
**Prove how the side lengths of a 30-60-90 triangle are related and then use that relationship to quickly find side lengths**

You can use the free Mathway calculator and problem solver below to practice Algebra or other math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your own problem and check your answer with the step-by-step explanations.

- the special right triangle called the 30°-60°-90° triangle.
- how to solve problems involving the 30°-60°-90° right triangle
- how to prove that the ratios between the sides of a 30-60-90 triangle are 1:√3:2.

In this lesson, we will look at the 30°-60°-90° triangle. We also have lessons on other special right triangles

The following diagram shows a 30-60-90 triangle and the ratio of the sides. Scroll down the page for more examples and solutions on how to use the 30-60-90 triangle.

The hypotenuse is always twice the length of the shorter leg (the side facing the 30° angle). The longer leg (the side facing the 60° angle) is √3 times of the shorter leg.

Example 1:

Find the length of the hypotenuse of a right triangle if the lengths of the other two sides are 4 inches and 4√3 inches.

Solution:

Step 1: Test the ratio of the lengths to see if it fits the n:n√3:2n ratio

4:4√3:? = n:n√3:2nStep 2:
Yes, it is a 30-60-90 triangle with *n* = 4

Step 3: Calculate the third side.

2*n* = 2 × 4 = 8

Answer: The length of the hypotenuse is 8 inches.

You can also recognize a 30°-60°-90° triangle by the angles. As long as you know that one of the angles in the right-angle triangle is either 30° or 60° then it must be a 30°-60°-90° special right triangle.

A right triangle with a 30°-angle or 60°-angle must be a 30°-60°-90° special right triangle.

Example 2:

Find the lengths of the other two sides of a right triangle if the length
of the hypotenuse is 8 inches and one of the angles is 30°.

Solution:

This is a right triangle with a 30°-60°-90° triangle.

You are given that the hypotenuse is 8. Substituting 8 into the third value of the ratio
n:n√3:2n, we get that 2*n* = 8 ⇒ *n* = 4.

Substituting *n* = 4 into the first and second value of the ratio we get that the other two sides are
4 and 4√3.

Answer: The lengths of the two sides are 4 inches and 4√3
inches.

**How to solve a 30-60-90 triangle given the length of one side?**

This video discusses two special right triangles, how to derive the formulas to find the lengths of the sides of the triangles by knowing the length of one side, and then does a few examples using them.

An example in which we use some of the great properties of a 30-60-90 right triangle to find the height of a tower

Rotate to landscape screen format on a mobile phone or small tablet to use the **Mathway** widget, a free math problem solver that **answers your questions with step-by-step explanations**.

You can use the free Mathway calculator and problem solver below to practice Algebra or other math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your own problem and check your answer with the step-by-step explanations.

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