Applications of Trigonometry



In this lesson, we will learn how to apply trigonometry to solve different types of word problems.

Related Topics:
Other Applications of Trigonometry

Other Topics in Trigonometry


Hints on solving word problems or applications of trigonometry:

  • If no diagram is given, draw one yourself.
  • Mark the right angles in the diagram.
  • Show the sizes of the other angles and the lengths of any lines that are known
  • Mark the angles or sides you have to calculate.
  • Consider whether you need to create right triangles by drawing extra lines. For example, divide an isosceles triangle into two congruent right triangles.
  • Decide whether you will need Pythagoras theorem, sine, cosine or tangent.
  • Check that your answer is reasonable. For example, the hypotenuse is the longest side in a right triangle.



Example:

A ladder 5 m long, leaning against a vertical wall makes an angle of 65˚ with the ground.

a) How high on the wall does the ladder reach?
b) How far is the foot of the ladder from the wall?
c) What angle does the ladder make with the wall?

Solution:

a) The height that the ladder reach is PQ

PQ = sin 65˚ × 5 = 4.53 m

b) The distance of the foot of the ladder from the wall is RQ.

RQ = cos 65˚ × 5 = 2.11 m

c) The angle that the ladder makes with the wall is angle P




Videos

The following videos shows more examples of solving application of trigonometry word problems.

Suppose that a 10 meter ladder is leaning against a building such that the angle of elevation from ground to the building is 62 degrees. Find the distance of the foot of the ladder from the wall. Also, find the distance from the ground to the top of the ladder.

Suppose that from atop a 100m vertical cliff a ship is spotted at an angle of depression of 12 degrees. How far is the ship from the base of the cliff? Also, find the distance from the top of the cliff to the ship.



Trigonometry Word Problem
Finding The Height of a Building





A hiker is hiking up a 12 degrees slope. If he hikes at a constant rate of 3 mph, how much altitude does he gain in 5 hours of hiking?

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A balloon is hovering 800 ft above a lake. The balloon is observed by the crew of a boat as they look upwards at an angle of 20 degrees. Twenty-five seconds later, the crew has to look at angle of 65 degrees to see the balloon. How fast was the boat traveling?





Trigonometry word problems (part 1)
Navigation Problem: The first part of a problem when the captain of a ship goes off track.



Trigonometry word problems (part 2)
The second part of the problem of the off-track ship captain







You can use the Mathway widget below to practice Trigonometry or other math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your own problem. Then click "Answer" to check your answer.



(Clicking "View Steps" on the answer screen will take you to the Mathway site, where you can register for a free ten-day trial of the software.)





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