In this lesson, we will learn

- how to construct circle graphs or pie charts
- how to read or use circle graphs or pie charts

Related Topics: More Statistics Lessons

A **pie char****t** (also called a Pie Graph or Circle Graph) makes use of sectors in a circle. The angle of a sector is proportional to the frequency of the data.

The formula to determine the angle of a sector is:

Study the following steps of constructing a circle graph:

** Step 1** : Calculate the angle of each sector, using the formula

** Step 2** : Draw a circle using a pair of compasses

** Step 3** : Use a protractor to draw the angle for each sector.

** Step 4** : Label the circle graph and all its sectors.

* Example: *

In a school, there are 750 students in Year1, 420 students in Year 2 and 630 students in Year 3. Draw a circle graph to represent the numbers of students in these groups.

* Solution: *

Total number of students = 750 + 420 + 630 = 1,800.

Draw the circle, measure in each sector. Label each sector and the pie chart.

This video shows how to construct a circle graph or pie chart from a table of percentages or fractions.

This video shows how to construct a circle graph from the given data.

How to make a Pie Graph using a protractor and compass

This video shows you how to create a simple pie graph using the given data.

We could also use a given circle graph to answer some questions about the data.

* Example: *

The following pie chart shows a survey of the numbers of cars, buses and motorcycles that passes a particular junction. There were 150 buses in the survey.

a) What fraction of the vehicles were motorcycles?

b) What percentage of vehicles passing by the junction were cars?

c) Calculate the total number of vehicles in the survey.

d) How many cars were in the survey?

* Solution: *

a) Fraction of motorcycles

b) To convert the angle of a sector into a percentage, we use the formula:

Percentage

Percentage of cars

c) Let *x* be the total number of vehicles

The total number of vehicles is 1,800

d) Number of cars

For the past year, a travel agency has collected data about the number of individual tickets that it sells for its signature product: a Mediterranean Cruise. The monthly data on ticket sales is shown below. What are the best and worst months for cruise sales?

The following video shows how to answer questions based on given circle graphs.

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