Mole Calculation



In this lesson, we will learn

  • how to calculate the mass of a substance when we are given the number of moles (mole to mass conversion).
  • how to calculate the number of moles of a substance when we are given the mass (mass to mole conversion).

Related Topics: More Chemistry Lessons

Mole-Mass Equation

mass = number of moles × molar mass

where mass is in grams and the molar mass is in grams per mole.


Moles to Mass Calculation

We can use the above equation to find the mass of a substance when we are given the number of moles of the substance.

Example:

Calculate the mass of (a) 2 moles and (b) 0.25 moles of iron. (Relative atomic mass: Fe = 56)

Solution:

a) mass of 2 moles of iron
= number of moles × molar mass
= 2 × 56
= 112 g

b) mass of 0.25 mole of iron
= number of moles × molar mass
= 0.25 × 56
= 14 g

 

Example:

Calculate the mass of (a) 3 moles and (b) 0.2 moles of carbon dioxide gas, CO2. (Relative atomic mass: C = 12; O = 16)

Solution:

a) mass of 1 mole of CO2
= (1 × 12) + (2 × 16)
= 44 g

mass of 3 moles of CO2
= 3 × 44
= 132g

b) mass of 0.2 mole of CO2
= 0.2 × 44
= 8.8 g





The following videos show some examples of moles to mass calculation.

If an experiment calls for 0.200 mol acetic acid (HC2H3O2), how many grams of glacial acetic acid do we need?
m = nM



If an experiment calls for 0.500 mol CaCO3, how many grams of pure calcium carbonate do we need?



Mass to Moles Calculation

If we are given the mass of a substance and we are asked to find the number of moles of the substance, we can rewrite the above equation as

 

Example:

Calculate the number of moles of aluminum present in (a) 108 g and (b) 13.5 g of the element. (Relative atomic mass: Al = 27)

Solution:

a)

 

b)

 

Example:

Calculate the number of moles of magnesium oxide, MgO in (a) 80 g and (b) 10 g of the compound. (Relative atomic mass: O = 16, Mg = 24)

Solution:

a) Mass of 1 mole of MgO

= (1 x 24) + (1 x 16)

= 40 g

 

b)





The following video shows an example of mass to mole calculation.
How many moles of acetic acid (HC2H3O2) are present in a 5.00 g sample of pure acetic acid?



How to use formula mass to convert grams to moles and moles to grams





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