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Superlative Adjectives

Related Topics:
Comparative Adjectives
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We use comparative adjectives to describe and compare two nouns or pronouns.
We use superlative adjectives to describe and compare three or more nouns or pronouns.

In these lessons, we will learn how to form and use superlative adjectives.

The following table gives the general Rules for Superlative Adjectives (there are some exceptions). Scroll down the page for more examples and explanations.

Rules for Superlative Adjectives

Rules for Superlative Adjectives

Rule 1: When an adjective consists of one syllable add est to the end to make it a superlative adjective.

Examples:

Comparative Superlative
clean cleaner cleanest
dark darker darkest
thick thicker thickest
soft softer softest
warm warmer warmest
neat neater neatest
broad broader broadest
tall taller tallest
old older oldest
Exception to Rule 1: If the one syllable adjective ends with a consonant-vowel-consonant we need to double the last consonant before adding the est. However, if the last consonant is a w then we follow rule 1 instead.

Examples:

Comparative Superlative
big bigger biggest
dim dimmer dimmest
fat fatter fattest
fit fitter fittest
flat flatter flattest
few fewer fewest
slow slower slowest
low lower lowest



Rule 2: When a two syllable adjective ends with y we need to replace the y with an i and then add the est.

Examples:

Comparative Superlative
busy busier busiest
dirty dirtier dirtiest
easy easier easiest
funny funnier funniest
noisy noisier noisiest
happy happier happiest
heavy heavier heaviest
lovely lovelier loveliest

Rule 3: For an adjective with two or more syllabus (that does not end with y), we use add the word most or least in front of the adjective.

Examples:

Comparative Superlative
active more active, less active most active, least active
careless more careless. less careless most careless. least careless
famous more famous. Less famous most famous. least famous
cheerful more cheerful, less cheerful most cheerful, least cheerful
beautiful more beautiful, less beautiful most beautiful, least beautiful
generous more generous, less generous most generous, least generous
intelligent more intelligent, less intelligent most intelligent, least intelligent
valuable more valuable, less valuable most valuable, least valuable

Exceptions: There are some adjectives that have irregular comparative and superlative forms.

Examples:

Comparative Superlative
good better best
bad worse worst
many more most
much more most
little less least
far farther farthest


Adjectives & Degrees of Comparisons
An animated story about adjectives and degree of comparisons. How to form and use superlative adjectives? Comparative and superlative adjectives in English Comparative and superlative adjectives song

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