Set Notation

Related Pages
Describing Sets
Venn Diagrams And Subsets
More Lessons On Sets

In these lessons, we will learn the concept of a set, methods for defining sets, set notations, empty set, symbols for ‘is an element of’, subset, intersection and union. These lessons are part of a series of Lessons On Sets.

Share this page to Google Classroom
Sets & Set Notations
Set Notations Sets Video Lessons Set Worksheets

Set Notations

The following table gives a summary of the symbols use in sets.

Set Symbols and Notations

A set is a well-defined collection of distinct objects.

The individual objects in a set are called the members or elements of the set.

Some notations for sets are:
{1, 2, 3} = set of integers greater than 0 and less than 4 = {x: x is an integer and 0 < x < 4}

We also have the empty set denoted by {} or Ø, meaning that the set has no elements.

We can have infinite sets for example {1, 2, 3, …}, meaning that the set has an infinite number of elements.

We have a symbol showing membership. We relate a member and a set using the symbol ∈. If an object x is an element of set A, we write x ∈ A. If an object z is not an element of set A, we write z ∉ A.

∈ denotes “is an element of’ or “is a member of” or “belongs to”

∉ denotes “is not an element of” or “is not a member of” or “does not belong to”

If A = {1, 3, 5} then 1 ∈ A and 2 ∉ A

Video Lessons on Sets

This video introduces the concept of a set and various methods for defining sets.

Set Notation(s): A discussion of set notation: lists, descriptions, and set-builder notation.

The following video describes: Set Notations, Empty Set, Symbols for “is an element of’ subset, intersection and union.

Set Notation: Roster Method, Set Builder Notation.

Try the free Mathway calculator and problem solver below to practice various math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your own problem and check your answer with the step-by-step explanations.
Mathway Calculator Widget

We welcome your feedback, comments and questions about this site or page. Please submit your feedback or enquiries via our Feedback page.