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More Lessons for IGCSE Physics

Math Worksheets

A series of free GCSE/IGCSE Physics Notes and Lessons.

**Potential Difference (Voltage) in a Series Circuit**

In this lesson, we will

• Explain what is meant by potential difference.

• Describe how we can measure potential difference.

• Describe potential difference in a series circuit.

A potential difference, also called voltage, across an electrical component is needed to make a current flow through it. Cells or batteries often provide the potential difference needed.

A potential difference of 1 volt tells us that 1 joule of energy is transferred for each coulomb of charge that is moving through the circuit.

When two or more components are connected in series, the total potential difference of the supply is shared between them. This means that if you add together the voltages across each component connected in series, the total equals the voltage of the power supply.

Two identical resistors connected in series will share the potential difference. They will get half each. If resistors connected in series are not the same then the potential difference is larger across the larger of the resistors.

**Potential difference (voltage) in series circuits**

The potential difference (voltage) of the supply is shared between components in a series circuit.

You can use the free Mathway calculator and problem solver below to practice Algebra or other math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your own problem and check your answer with the step-by-step explanations.

More Lessons for IGCSE Physics

Math Worksheets

A series of free GCSE/IGCSE Physics Notes and Lessons.

In this lesson, we will

• Explain what is meant by potential difference.

• Describe how we can measure potential difference.

• Describe potential difference in a series circuit.

A potential difference, also called voltage, across an electrical component is needed to make a current flow through it. Cells or batteries often provide the potential difference needed.

A potential difference of 1 volt tells us that 1 joule of energy is transferred for each coulomb of charge that is moving through the circuit.

When two or more components are connected in series, the total potential difference of the supply is shared between them. This means that if you add together the voltages across each component connected in series, the total equals the voltage of the power supply.

Two identical resistors connected in series will share the potential difference. They will get half each. If resistors connected in series are not the same then the potential difference is larger across the larger of the resistors.

The potential difference (voltage) of the supply is shared between components in a series circuit.

Rotate to landscape screen format on a mobile phone or small tablet to use the **Mathway** widget, a free math problem solver that **answers your questions with step-by-step explanations**.

You can use the free Mathway calculator and problem solver below to practice Algebra or other math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your own problem and check your answer with the step-by-step explanations.

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