IGCSE 2020 0620/62 May/June (pdf)
- Hot copper(II) oxide reacts with hydrogen. The products are copper and steam.
The apparatus used to react copper(II) oxide with hydrogen is shown.
(a) Draw an arrow on the diagram to show where the apparatus should be heated.
(b) During the reaction the colour of the copper(II) oxide changes.
(c) Identify the colourless liquid collected.
(d) Explain why the U-tube is in ice.
(e) (i) Large amounts of unreacted hydrogen should not be allowed to escape into the laboratory.
(ii) Complete the diagram to show how the unreacted hydrogen could be collected and its
Label any apparatus that you draw.
- A student investigated the temperature change when magnesium ribbon reacts with dilute sulfuric acid.
Five experiments were done.
- Using a measuring cylinder, 20cm3 of dilute sulfuric acid were poured into a boiling tube.
- A thermometer was used to measure the initial temperature of the acid.
- A 1cm length of magnesium ribbon was added to the acid in the boiling tube.
- The acid and magnesium ribbon in the boiling tube were stirred continuously using a thermometer.
- The highest temperature reached by the mixture was measured.
- The boiling tube was rinsed out with distilled water.
- Experiment 1 was repeated using a 2cm length of magnesium ribbon instead of the 1cm length.
- Experiment 1 was repeated using a 3cm length of magnesium ribbon instead of the 1cm length.
- Experiment 1 was repeated using a 5cm length of magnesium ribbon instead of the 1cm length.
- Experiment 1 was repeated using a 6cm length of magnesium ribbon instead of the 1cm length.
(a) Use the information in the description of the experiments and the thermometer diagrams to
complete the table.
(b) In which experiment, 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5, was the temperature increase the largest?
(c) Add a suitable scale to the y-axis and plot the results from Experiments 1 to 5 on the grid.
Draw a smooth line graph, making sure that your line passes through (0,0).
(d) Explain why the graph line must pass through (0,0).
(e) From your graph, deduce the temperature increase if Experiment 1 is repeated using a 4cm
length of magnesium ribbon.
Show clearly on the grid how you worked out your answer.
(f) (i) Why would carrying out the experiment in a polystyrene cup rather than a boiling tube
improve the accuracy of the results?
(ii) Sketch on the grid the graph you would expect if the experiment was repeated using a
polystyrene cup instead of a boiling tube.
(g) The volume of dilute sulfuric acid could be measured with a 20cm3 pipette.
(i) State one advantage of using a pipette rather than a measuring cylinder.
(ii) State one disadvantage of using a pipette rather than a measuring cylinder.
- Two solids, solid L and solid M, were analysed. Solid L was chromium(III) chloride.
Tests were done on each solid.
tests on solid L
Complete the expected observations.
Solid L was dissolved in distilled water to produce solution L. Solution L was divided into four
portions in three test-tubes and a boiling tube.
(a) To the first portion of solution L in the boiling tube, about 1cm depth of dilute hydrochloric acid was added. The boiling tube was warmed gently.
A strip of filter paper was dipped in acidified potassium manganate(VII) solution and held at
the mouth of the boiling tube.
(b) To the second portion of solution L aqueous sodium hydroxide was added slowly until it was in
excess and no further changes were seen.
(c) To the third portion of solution L aqueous ammonia was added slowly until it was in excess and
no further changes were seen.
(d) To the fourth portion of solution L about 1cm depth of dilute nitric acid was added followed by
about 1cm depth of aqueous silver nitrate.
tests on solid M
Tests were done and the following observations made.
(e) Identify solid M.
- Many window-cleaning products contain aqueous ammonia. Aqueous ammonia is an alkali that
reacts with dilute acids.
Plan an investigation to find which of two window-cleaning products contains the most concentrated
aqueous ammonia. Include in your plan:
- the method you will use
- how your results will be used to determine which window-cleaning product contains the most
concentrated aqueous ammonia.
You are provided with an aqueous solution of the two window-cleaning products,
dilute hydrochloric acid of known concentration and common laboratory apparatus.
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