In these lessons, we will learn how to simplify expressions by adding or subtracting like terms (combining like terms).

**Related Pages**

Algebraic Expressions

Combining Like Terms

Solving Equations

More Algebra Lessons

An algebraic expression consisting of like terms can be simplified by adding or subtracting the coefficients of the like terms.

**Example:**

Simplifying the expressions:

a) 14x + 5x

b) 5y – 13y

c) p – 3p

d)

**Solution:**

a) 14x + 5x = (14 + 5)x = 19x

b) 5y – 13y = (5 –13)y = –8y

c) p – 3p = (1 – 3)p = – 2p

d)

To simplify an algebraic expression that consists of both like and unlike terms, we need to:

Step 1: move the like terms together.

Step 2: add or subtract their coefficients.

When moving the terms, we must remember to move the + or – attached in front of them. For example,

**Example:**

Simplify 3x + 2a – 4x

**Solution:**

3x + 2a – 4x

= 3x + 2a –4x

= 3x – 4x + 2a

= –x + 2a

**Example:**

Simplify b + 1.4c - 0.6b + 2

**Solution:**

b + 1.4c - 0.6b + 2

= b + 1.4c - 0.6b + 2

= b – 0.6b + 1.4c + 2

= 0.4 b + 1.4 c + 2

**How to identify like terms and combine like terms?**

Two or more like terms are like terms if they have the same variable (or variables) with the same exponent.

To combine like terms, we add or subtract the coefficients. The variable factors remain the same.

**Examples:**

Which of these terms are like terms?

-2x^{3}, -2x, 2y, 7x^{3}, 4y, 6x^{2}, y^{2}

Simplify each polynomial, if possible.

4x^{3} - 7x^{3}

2y^{2} + 4y - y^{2} + 2 - 9y - 5 + 2y

**Identify and Combine Like Terms**

**Examples:**

3v + 7v - v + v

5x + 6x^{2} + 8x + x^{3} - x^{2}

5c + 2d + c - (-3)d

1/2 y - 3/7 y + y

**Examples of combining like terms**

**Examples:**

- 8x + 5y - 17x
- 7x - 8 - 11x
- 3a + 5c - 9a + 2a -c
- 3xy + 4xy + 5x
^{2}y + 6xy^{2} - 5y
^{2}x - 2x^{2}y + 8y^{2}x + 2xy - x^{2}y + 3xy - 11a + 30a -18a

**Simplify an Algebraic Expression by Combining Like Terms**

This video shows how to simplify algebraic expressions by combining like terms by adding, subtracting, and using distribution.

**Examples:**

- 4x
^{3}+ x^{2}- 2x^{3}+ 5 - 10x
^{5}+ 3(2x^{5}- 4b^{2})

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