Verbs - Simple Present Tense



Verbs have different forms, called tenses. The tense of a verb tells us when the action happens.

In this lesson, we will learn

  • when to use the Present Tense
  • the different spellings for present tense verbs
  • how "do" is used as a helping verb in the present tense
  • how to make questions in the present tense
  • the differences between the present tense and the present continuous tense
Related Topics: More English Lessons

When do we use the Present Tense

We use the Present Tense is used when we are talking about facts or things that we know are true.

Examples:

The earth goes round the sun.
Mary enjoys cooking.
He likes bananas.
She wants to be a dentist.
Cows eat grass.
Penguins live in the Antarctica.



We use the Present Tense for situations that are quite permanent.

Examples:

She lives in Los Angeles.
They work in the bank.

 

We use the Present Tense for things that are done regularly or at some intervals. They may be used with adverbs of frequency, for example always, often, usually, sometimes, rarely, never.

Examples:

Mark goes to school by bus.
Simon brushes his teeth after every meal.
She goes to the bank every Tuesday.
He sometimes goes to the park.
Wendy often listens to the radio.



Spelling for Present Tense Verbs

When a verb is used with I, We, You or They or plural nouns the spelling is not changes.

Examples:

I enjoy cooking.
We live in New York.
They work in the bank.
Cows eat grass.

 

When a verb is used with the pronouns he, she, and it and with singular nouns, we may change the spelling of the verb.

For some verbs, we add an s at the end of the verb.

Examples:

He sings well.
She likes to dance.
It moves very quietly.
Susan enjoys cooking.

 

For verbs that end with o, s, z, sh, ch or x, we add es to the end of the verb.

Examples:

Mary goes to the market every week.
My dad sometimes does the shopping.
She misses her mother.
He brushes his teeth every morning.
Joe polishes his shoes every day.
A plumber is a person who fixes pipes.
He watches television every night.

 

For verbs that end with a y. If there is a consonant before the y, we drop the y and add an ies. If there is a vowel before the y, we add an s before after the y.

 

Consonant + y

carry

carries

fry

fries

copy

copies

bury

buries

cry

cries

try

tries

fly

flies

 

Vowel + y

buy

buys

stay

stays

say

says

obey

obeys

play

plays

enjoy

enjoys

sway

sways



Videos

The video demonstrate the simple present tense using the verb "learn"



This video explains how "do" is used as a helping verb in the present tense.





This video explains some uses for the verb "do."



This video explains how to make questions in the present tense. The answer to these kinds of questions is "yes" or "no."



This video shows some of the differences between the present tense and the present continuous tense in English.








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