More Lessons for Arithmetic

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Word problems with division often involve sharing from a total number. Take note which number is the dividend and which should be the divisor to solve the problem correctly.

*Example: *

Rosie has 60 sweets. If she gave her friends 3 sweets each, how many friends can she share her sweets with?

* Solution: *

[60 sweets] ÷ [3 for each friend]

60 ÷ 3 = 20 friends

Dividing can also be seen as a number of times that one quantity can be taken from a total. Take note what the question is asking for – sometimes the question may ask for the remainder rather than the quotient.

* Example: *

Sam has $17. He wants to buy some hot dogs at $3 each.

a) How many hot dogs can he buy?

b) How much money would he have left?

* Solution: *

[$17] ÷ [3 per hot dog]

17 ÷ 3 = 5 R 2

a) He can buy 5 hot dogs (Answer from the quotient)

b) He would have $2 left (Answer from the remainder)

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