11. Correct answer: (D)
The sum of a list prices divided by the average of the prices = k
The value of k
So, k represents the number of prices.
Answer: (D) The number of prices
12. Correct answer: (D)
Area of square = 81
Perimeter of each of the 4 triangles = 30
The perimeter of the figure outlined by the solid line
Topic(s): Area of square, perimeter of triangle
Given that the area of the square is 81, the length of any one its side would be = 9.
The side of the square is also of base of the triangle. So the length of the base of the triangle is 9.
Given that the perimeter of the triangle is 30, then the lengths of the other two sides of the triangle must be 30 – 9 = 21.
The perimeter of the figure is formed by the 4 of such triangles.
So perimeter = 4 × 21 = 84
Answer: (D) 84
13. Correct answer: (B)
The graph y = g(x)
g(2) = k
The value of g(k)
We are given g(2) = k.
From the graph, we can obtain g(2) = 5. This means that k = 5.
From the graph, we find that g(5) = 2.5
Answer: (B) 2.5
14. Correct answer: (E)
0 ≤ x ≤ 8
–1 ≤ y ≤ 3
The smallest and largest possible values for xy
The largest value for x is 8 and the largest value for y is 3. Since both the values are positive, the largest value for xy is 8 × 3 = 24
Finding the smallest value would be trickier. The smallest value for x is 0 and the smallest value for y is – 1. Since one of the values is negative, we need to logically consider what would be the smallest negative value for xy. The smallest value would be –1 multiplied with the biggest value of x, which is 8. –1 × 8 = –8
Answer: (E) –8 ≤ xy ≤ 24
15. Correct answer: (B)
The sum of the marked angles in terms of n
Topic(s): Supplementary angles, sum of angles in a triangle
If you know the rule that the exterior angle of a triangle is equals to the sum of the opposite interior angles then you can work out that a + b = n and c + d = n. So, a + b + c + d = 2n.
If you did not know the rule, you can deduce that
n + p = 180 ⇒p =180 – n (supplementary angles)
a + b + p =180 (sum of angles in a triangle)
a + b + 180 – n = 180 ⇒ a + b = n
Similarly, we can deduce that c + d = n
So, a + b + c + d = 2n.
Answer: (B) 2n
16. Correct answer: (C)
t is the first term of a sequence
t ≠ 0
After the first term, each term in the sequence is 3 greater than of the preceding term
The ratio of the 2 nd term to the 1 st term
Topic(s): Number sequence problems
The first term is t.
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