Illustrative Mathematics Grade 8, Unit 4, Lesson 16: Solving Problems with Systems of Equations

Learning Targets:

• I can use a system of equations to represent a real-world situation and answer questions about the situation.

Related Pages
Illustrative Math

Lesson 16: Solving Problems with Systems of Equations

Let’s solve some gnarly problems

Illustrative Math Unit 8.4, Lesson 16 (printable worksheets)

Lesson 16.1 Are We There Yet?

A car is driving towards home at 0.5 miles per minute. If the car is 4 miles from home at t = 0, which of the following can represent the distance that the car has left to drive?

Lesson 16.2 Cycling, Fundraising, Working, and ___?

Solve each problem. Explain or show your reasoning.

1. Two friends live 7 miles apart. One Saturday, the two friends set out on their bikes at 8 am and started riding towards each other. One rides at 0.2 miles per minute, and the other rides at 0.15 miles per minute. At what time will the two friends meet?
2. Students are selling grapefruits and nuts for a fundraiser. The grapefruits cost \$1 each and a bag of nuts cost \$10 each. They sold 100 items and made \$307. How many grapefruits did they sell?
3. Jada earns \$7 per hour mowing her neighbors’ lawns. Andre gets paid \$5 per hour for the first hour of babysitting and \$8 per hour for any additional hours he babysits. What is the number of hours they both can work so that they get paid the same amount?
4. Pause here so your teacher can review your work. Then, invent another problem that is like one of these, but with different numbers. Solve your problem.
5. Create a visual display that includes:
• The new problem you wrote, without the solution.
• Enough work space for someone to show a solution.
1. Trade your display with another group, and solve each other’s new problem. Make sure that you explain your solution carefully. Be prepared to share this solution with the class.
2. When the group that got the problem you invented shares their solution, check that their answer is correct.

On a different Saturday, two friends set out on bikes at 8:00 am and met up at 8:30 am. (The same two friends who live 7 miles apart.) If one was riding at 10 miles per hour, how fast was the other riding?

The one who was riding 10mph would have traveled 5 miles in half an hour.
The other friend would have traveled 2 miles in half an hour, which would be 4 miles per hour.

The Open Up Resources math curriculum is free to download from the Open Up Resources website and is also available from Illustrative Mathematics.

Try the free Mathway calculator and problem solver below to practice various math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your own problem and check your answer with the step-by-step explanations.