In these lessons we will learn

- the sum identities and difference identities for sine, cosine and tangent.
- how to use the sum identities and difference identities to simplify trigonometric expressions.
- how to use the sum identities and difference identities to prove other trigonometric identities.

**Related Pages**

Lessons On Trigonometry

Inverse trigonometry

Trigonometric Functions

The following shows the Sum and Difference Identities for sin, cos and tan. Scroll down the page for more examples and solutions on how to use the identities.

**Example:**

**Solution:**

Given that cos(α + β) = cos α cos β – sin α sin β, then

**Example:**

**Solution:**

**How to use the sum and difference identities for sin, cos, and tan?**

**Example:**

- Find sin(105°) exactly
- Find cos(105°) exactly
- Find tan(105°) exactly

**How to use Sum and Difference Identities to find exact trig values?**

**Example:**

- Find \(\cos \left( {\frac{{3\pi }}{4},\frac{\pi }{3}} \right)\) exactly
- Find cos(42°)cos(18°) - sin(42°)sin(18°) exactly
- Find \(\frac{{\tan 80^\circ - \tan 35^\circ }}{{1 + \tan 80^\circ \tan 35^\circ }}\) exactly
- Find cos(u + v) exactly if sin(u) = 3/5 and sin(v) = 12/13 where u and v are acute angles (quadrant I)

**How to use the Sum and Difference Identities to Prove Other Identities**

**Example:**

Prove sin(α + β) - sin(α - β) = 2cosαsinβ

**Using the Sum and Difference Identities for Sine, Cosine and Tangent**

**Example 1:**

If sin x = 12/13 and x is in the first quadrant, find tan(2x)

**Using the Sum and Difference Identities for Sine, Cosine and Tangent**

**Example 2:**

If tan x = 5/3 and x is in the first quadrant, find sin(2x)

**Using the Sum and Difference Identities for Sine, Cosine and Tangent**

**Example 3:**

Simplify 1 - 16sin^{2}x cos^{2}x

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