**Learning Targets:**

- For an equation like 3(x + 2) = 15 , I can solve it in two different ways: by first dividing each side by 3, or by first rewriting 3(x + 2) using the distributive property.
- For equations with more than one way to solve, I can choose the easier way depending on the numbers in the equation.

**Related Pages**

Illustrative Math

Grade 7

Let’s think about which way is easier when we solve equations with parentheses.

Illustrative Math Unit 7.6, Lesson 10 (printable worksheets)

The following diagram explains how to think about which way is easier when we solve equations with parentheses.

100(x - 3) = 1,000

500(x - 3) = 5,000

0.03(x - 3) = 0.3

0.72(x + 2) = 7.2

1/7 (x + 2) = 10/7

Three students each attempted to solve the equation 2(x - 9) = 10, but got different solutions. Here are their methods. Do you agree with any of their methods, and why?

Noah’s method:

2(x - 9) = 10

2(x - 9) + 9 = 10 + 9

2x = 19

2x ÷2 = 19 ÷ 2

x = 19/2

Elena’s method:

2(x - 9) = 10

2x - 18 = 10

2x - 18 - 18 = 10 - 18

2x = -8

2x ÷2 = 8 ÷ 2

x = -4

Andre’s method:

2(x - 9) = 10

2x - 18 = 10

2x - 18 + 18 = 10 + 18

2x = 28

2x ÷2 = 28 ÷ 2

x = 14

For each equation, try to solve the equation using each method (dividing each side first, or applying the distributive property first). Some equations are easier to solve by one method than the other. When that is the case, stop doing the harder method and write down the reason you stopped.

- 2,000(x - 0.03) = 6,000
- 2(x + 1.25) = 3.5
- 1/4 (4 + x) = 4/3
- -10(x - 1.7) = .3
- 5.4 = 0.3(x + 8)

- Andre wants to buy a backpack. The normal price of the backpack is $40. He notices that a store that sells the backpack is having a 30% off sale. What is the sale price of the backpack?
- On the first math exam, 16 students received an A grade. On the second math exam, 12 students received an A grade. What percentage decrease is that?
- Solve each equation.

a. 2(x - 3) =14

b. -5(x - 1) = 40

c. 12(x + 10) = 24

d. 1/6(x + 6) = 11

e. 5/7 (x - 9) = 25 - Select all expressions that represent a correct solution to the equation 6(x + 4) = 20.

A. (20 - 4) ÷ 6

B. 1/6 (20 - 4)

C. 20 - 6 - 4

D. 20 ÷ 6 - 4

E. 1/6 (20 - 24)

F. (20 - 24) ÷ 6 - Lin and Noah are solving the equation 7(x + 2) = 91.

Lin starts by using the distributive property. Noah starts by dividing each side by 7.

a. Show what Lin’s and Noah’s full solution methods might look like.

b. What is the same and what is different about their methods?

The Open Up Resources math curriculum is free to download from the Open Up Resources website and is also available from Illustrative Mathematics.

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