Lesson 9: When Are They the Same?
Let’s use equations to think about situations.
Illustrative Math Unit 8.4, Lesson 9 (printable worksheets)
Lesson 9 Summary
Imagine a full 1,500 liter water tank that springs a leak, losing 2 liters per minute. We could represent the number of liters left in the tank with the expression -2x + 1,500, where x represents the number of minutes the tank has been leaking.
Imagine a full 1,500 liter water tank that springs a leak, losing 2 liters per minute. We could represent the number of liters left in the tank with the expression 6x + 300, where x represents the number of minutes the tank has been leaking.
Since one tank is losing water and the other is gaining water, at some point they will have the same amount of water—but when? Asking when the two tanks have the same number of liters is the same as asking when -2x + 1,500 (the number of liters in the first tank after x minutes) is equal to 6x + 300 (the number of liters in the second tank after x minutes),
-2x + 1,500 = 6x + 300
Solving for x gives us x = 150 minutes. So after 150 minutes, the number of liters of the first tank is equal to the number of liters of the second tank. But how much water is actually in each tank at that time? Since both tanks have the same number of liters after 150 minutes, we could substitute x = 150 minutes into either expression.
Using the expression for the first tank, we get -2(150) + 1,500 which is equal to -300 + 1,500, or 1,200 liters.
If we use the expression for the second tank, we get 6(150) + 300, or just 900 + 130, which is also 1,200 liters. That means that after 150 minutes, each tank has 1,200 liters.
Lesson 9.1 Which Would You Choose?
If you were babysitting, would you rather
- Charge $5 for the first hour and $8 for each additional hour?
- Charge $15 for the first hour and $6 for each additional hour?
Explain your reasoning.
Lesson 9.2 Water Tanks
The amount of water in two tanks every 5 minutes is shown in the table.
- Describe what is happening in each tank. Either draw a picture, say it verbally, or write a few sentences.
- Use the table to estimate when the tanks will have the same amount of water.
- The amount of water (in liters) in tank 1 after t minutes is 30t + 25. The amount of water (in liters) in tank 2 after t minutes is -20t + 1000. Find the time when the amount of water will be equal.
Lesson 9.3 Elevators
A building has two elevators that both go above and below ground.
At a certain time of day, the travel time it takes elevator A to reach height h in meters is 0.8h + 16 seconds.
The travel time it takes elevator B to reach height h in meters is -0.8h + 12 seconds.
- What is the height of each elevator at this time?
- How long would it take each elevator to reach ground level at this time?
- If the two elevators travel toward one another, at what height do they pass each other? How long would it take?
- If you are on an underground parking level 14 meters below ground, which elevator would reach you first?
Are you ready for more?
- In a two-digit number, the ones digit is twice the tens digit. If the digits are reversed, the new number is 36 more than the original number. Find the number.
Let the number be xy.
y = 2x
10x + y + 36 = 10y + x
10x + 2x + 36 = 10(2x) + x
12x + 36 = 20x + x
9x = 36
x = 4
The number is 48.
- The sum of the digits of a two-digit number is 11. If the digits are reversed, the new number is 45 less than the original number. Find the number.
Let the number be xy.
x + y = 11
y = 11 - x
10x + y - 45 = 10y + x
10x + 11 - x - 45 = 10(11 - x) + x
9x - 34 = 110 - 10x + x
18x = 144
x = 8
The number is 83
- The sum of the digits in a two-digit number is 8. The value of the number is 4 less than 5 times the ones digit. Find the number.
Let the number be xy.
x + y = 8
y = 8 - x
10x + y = 5y - 4
10x + 8 - x = 5(8 - x) - 4
9x + 8 = 20 - 5x - 4
14x = 28
x = 2
The number is 26.
Lesson 9 Practice Problems
- Cell phone Plan A costs $70 per month and comes with a free $500 phone. Cell phone Plan B costs $50 per month but does not come with a phone. If you buy the $500 phone and choose Plan B, how many months is it until your cost is the same as Plan A’s?
- Priya and Han are biking in the same direction on the same path.
a. Han is riding at a constant speed of 16 miles per hour. Write an expression that shows how many miles Han has gone after t hours.
b. Priya started riding a half hour before Han. If Han has been riding for t hours, how long has Priya been riding?
c. Priya is riding at a constant speed of 12 miles per hour. Write an expression that shows how many miles Priya has gone after Han has been riding for t hours.
d. Use your expressions to find when Han and Priya meet.
- Which story matches the equation -6 + 3x = 2 + 4x?
A. At 5 p.m., the temperatures recorded at two weather stations in Antarctica are -6 degrees and 2 degrees. The temperature changes at the same constant rate, x degrees per hour, throughout the night at both locations. The temperature at the first station 3 hours after this recording is the same as the temperature at the second station 4 hours after this recording.
B. Elena and Kiran play a card game. Every time they collect a pair of matching cards, they earn x points. At one point in the game, Kiran has -6 points and Elena has 2 points. After Elena collects 3 pairs and Kiran collects 4 pairs, they have the same number of points.
- For what value of x do the expressions 2/3 x + 2 and 4/3 x - 6 have the same value?
- Decide whether each equation is true for all, one, or no values of x.
- Solve each equation. Explain your reasoning.
- Describe a rigid transformation that takes Polygon A to Polygon B.
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