Points of Concurrencies
You need a makeshift compass made from string and pencil. Use these materials to construct the perpendicular bisectors of the three sides of the triangle below (like you did with Lesson 4, Problem Set 2).
How did using this tool differ from using a compass and straightedge? Compare your construction with that of your partner. Did you obtain the same results?
When three or more lines intersect in a single point, they are __________, and the point of intersection is
You saw an example of a point of concurrency in yesterday’s Problem Set (and in the Opening Exercise today) when all three perpendicular bisectors passed through a common point.
The point of concurrency of the three perpendicular bisectors is the _____________
The circumcenter of △ 𝐴𝐵𝐶 is shown below as point 𝑃.
The questions that arise here are WHY are the three perpendicular bisectors concurrent? And WILL these bisectors be
concurrent in all triangles? Recall that all points on the perpendicular bisector are equidistant from the endpoints of the
segment, which means the following:
a. 𝑃 is equidistant from 𝐴 and 𝐵 since it lies on the _____________ of 𝐴𝐵.
b. 𝑃 is also ___________ from 𝐵 and 𝐶 since it lies on the perpendicular bisector of 𝐵𝐶.
c. Therefore, 𝑃 must also be equidistant from 𝐴 and 𝐶.
Hence, 𝐴𝑃 = 𝐵𝑃 = 𝐶𝑃, which suggests that 𝑃 is the point of ___________ of all three perpendicular bisectors.
You have also worked with angle bisectors. The construction of the three angle bisectors of a triangle also results in a point of concurrency, which we call the ___________.
Use the triangle below to construct the angle bisectors of each angle in the triangle to locate the triangle’s incenter.
d. State precisely the steps in your construction above
e. Earlier in this lesson, we explained why the perpendicular bisectors of the sides of a triangle are always concurrent. Using similar reasoning, explain clearly why the angle bisectors are always concurrent at the incenter of a triangle.
f. Observe the constructions below. Point 𝐴 is the __________ of △ 𝐽𝐾𝐿. (Notice that it can fall outside of the triangle). Point 𝐵 is the ___________ of △ 𝑅𝑆𝑇. The circumcenter of a triangle is the center of the circle that circumscribes that triangle. The incenter of the triangle is the center of the circle that is inscribed in that triangle.
On a separate piece of paper, draw two triangles of your own below and demonstrate how the circumcenter and incenter have these special relationships.
g. How can you use what you have learned in Exercise 3 to find the center of a circle if the center is not shown?
Try the free Mathway calculator and
problem solver below to practice various math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your own
problem and check your answer with the step-by-step explanations.
We welcome your feedback, comments and questions about this site or page. Please submit your feedback or enquiries via our Feedback page.