# Illustrative Mathematics Grade 7, Unit 4, Lesson 16: Posing Percentage Problems

Learning Targets:

• I can write and solve problems about real-world situations that involve percent increase and decrease.

Related Pages
Illustrative Math

#### Lesson 16: Posing Percentage Problems

Let’s explore how percentages are used in the news.

Illustrative Math Unit 7.4, Lesson 16 (printable worksheets)

#### Lesson 16 Summary

Statements about percentage increase or decrease need to specify what the whole is to be mathematically meaningful. Sometimes advertisements, media, etc. leave the whole ambiguous in order to make somewhat misleading claims. We should be careful to think critically about what mathematical claim is being made.
For example, if a disinfectant claims to “kill 99% of all bacteria,” does it mean that

• It kills 99% of the number of bacteria on a surface?
• Or is it 99% of the types of bacteria commonly found inside the house?
• Or 99% of the total mass or volume of bacteria?
• Does it even matter if the remaining 1% are the most harmful bacteria?
Resolving questions of this type is an important step in making informed decisions.

#### Lesson 16.1 Sorting the News

Your teacher will give you a variety of news clippings that include percentages.
Sort the clippings into two piles: those that are about increases and those that are about decreases. Were there any clippings that you had trouble deciding which pile they should go in?

#### Lesson 16.2 Investigating

In the previous activity, you sorted news clippings into two piles.

1. For each pile, choose one example. Draw a diagram that shows how percentages are being used to describe the situation.
a. Increase Example:
b. Decrease Example:
2. For each example, write two questions that you can answer with the given information. Next, find the answers. Explain or show your reasoning.

#### Lesson 16.3 Displaying the News

1. Choose the example that you find the most interesting. Create a visual display that includes:
• a title that describes the situation
• the news clipping
• your diagram of the situation
• an explanation of how you calculated each answer
1. Examine each display. Write one comment and one question for the group.

The Open Up Resources math curriculum is free to download from the Open Up Resources website and is also available from Illustrative Mathematics.

Try the free Mathway calculator and problem solver below to practice various math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your own problem and check your answer with the step-by-step explanations.