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This page covers Questions and Worked Solutions for CIE Prob & Stats 2 Paper 62 October/November 2021, 9709/62.

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CIE Oct 2021 9709 Prob & Stats 2 Paper 62 (pdf)

- The mass, in kilograms, of a block of cheese sold in a supermarket is denoted by the random variable M.
The masses of a random sample of 40 blocks are summarised as follows.

n = 40 Σm = 20.50 Σm^{2}= 10.7280

(a) Calculate unbiased estimates of the population mean and variance of M

(b) The price, $P, of a block of cheese of mass M kg is found using the formula P = 11M + 0.50.

Find estimates of the population mean and variance of P. - Andy and Jessica are doing a survey about musical preferences. They plan to choose a representative
sample of six students from the 256 students at their college.

(a) Andy suggests that they go to the music building during the lunch hour and choose six students at random from the students who are there.

Give a reason why this method is unsatisfactory

(b) Jessica decides to use another method. She numbers all the students in the college from 1 to 256.

Then she uses her calculator and generates the following random numbers.

204393 162007 204028 587119 207395

From these numbers, she obtains six student numbers. The first three of her student numbers are 204, 162 and 7.

Continue Jessica’s method to obtain the next three student numbers. - The probability that a certain spinner lands on red on any spin is p. The spinner is spun 140 times
and it lands on red 35 times.

(a) Find an approximate 96% confidence interval for p.

From three further experiments, Jack finds a 90% confidence interval, a 95% confidence interval and a 99% confidence interval for p.

(b) Find the probability that exactly two of these confidence intervals contain the true value of p. - A certain kind of firework is supposed to last for 30 seconds, on average, after it is lit. An inspector
suspects that the fireworks actually last a shorter time than this, on average. He takes a random sample
of 100 fireworks of this kind. Each firework in the sample is lit and the time it lasts is noted.

(a) Give a reason why it is necessary to take a sample rather than testing all the fireworks of this kind.

It is given that the population standard deviation of the times that fireworks of this kind last is 5 seconds.

(b) The mean time lasted by the 100 fireworks in the sample is found to be 29 seconds.

Test the inspector’s suspicion at the 1% significance level.

(c) State with a reason whether the Central Limit theorem was needed in the solution to part (b).

- In a certain large document, typing errors occur at random and at a constant mean rate of 0.2 per page. (a) Find the probability that there are fewer than 3 typing errors in 10 randomly chosen pages. (b) Use an approximating distribution to find the probability that there are more than 50 typing errors in 200 randomly chosen pages. In the same document, formatting errors occur at random and at a constant mean rate of 0.3 per page. (c) Find the probability that the total number of typing and formatting errors in 20 randomly chosen pages is between 8 and 11 inclusive.
- A machine is supposed to produce random digits. Bob thinks that the machine is not fair and that the probability of it producing the digit 0 is less than 1/10. In order to test his suspicion he notes the number of times the digit 0 occurs in 30 digits produced by the machine. He carries out a test at the 10% significance level. (a) State suitable null and alternative hypotheses. (b) Find the rejection region for the test. (c) State the probability of a Type I error. It is now given that the machine actually produces a 0 once in every 40 digits, on average. (d) Find the probability of a Type II error. (e) Explain the meaning of a Type II error in this context.
- (a) The probability density function of the random variable X is given by

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