CIE Oct/Nov 2021 9709 Prob & Stats 1 Paper 51 (pdf)
- Two fair coins are thrown at the same time. The random variable X is the number of throws of the
two coins required to obtain two tails at the same time.
(a) Find the probability that two tails are obtained for the first time on the 7th throw.
(b) Find the probability that it takes more than 9 throws to obtain two tails for the first time.
- A summary of 40 values of x gives the following information:
(a) Given that the mean of these 40 values of x is 34, find the value of k.
(b) Find the variance of these 40 values of x.
- For her bedtime drink, Suki has either chocolate, tea or milk with probabilities 0.45, 0.35 and 0.2
respectively. When she has chocolate, the probability that she has a biscuit is 0.3. When she has tea,
the probability that she has a biscuit is 0.6. When she has milk, she never has a biscuit.
Find the probability that Suki has tea given that she does not have a biscuit.
- A fair spinner has edges numbered 0, 1, 2, 2. Another fair spinner has edges numbered −1, 0, 1. Each
spinner is spun. The number on the edge on which a spinner comes to rest is noted. The random
variable X is the sum of the numbers for the two spinners.
(a) Draw up the probability distribution table for X.
(b) Find Var(X).
- Raman and Sanjay are members of a quiz team which has 9 members in total. Two photographs of
the quiz team are to be taken.
For the first photograph, the 9 members will stand in a line.
(a) How many different arrangements of the 9 members are possible in which Raman will be at the
centre of the line?
(b) How many different arrangements of the 9 members are possible in which Raman and Sanjay are
not next to each other?
For the second photograph, the members will stand in two rows, with 5 in the back row and 4 in the
(c) In how many different ways can the 9 members be divided into a group of 5 and a group of 4?
(d) For a random division into a group of 5 and a group of 4, find the probability that Raman and
Sanjay are in the same group as each other.
- The weights, in kg, of 15 rugby players in the Rebels club and 15 soccer players in the Sharks club
are shown below.
(a) Represent the data by drawing a back-to-back stem-and-leaf diagram with Rebels on the left-hand
side of the diagram.
(b) Find the median and the interquartile range for the Rebels.
A box-and-whisker plot for the Sharks is shown below.
(c) On the same diagram, draw a box-and-whisker plot for the Rebels.
(d) Make one comparison between the weights of the players in the Rebels club and the weights of
the players in the Sharks club.
- The times, in minutes, that Karli spends each day on social media are normally distributed with
mean 125 and standard deviation 24.
(a) (i) On how many days of the year (365 days) would you expect Karli to spend more than
142 minutes on social media?
(ii) Find the probability that Karli spends more than 142 minutes on social media on fewer than
2 of 10 randomly chosen days.
(b) On 90% of days, Karli spends more than t minutes on social media.
Find the value of t.
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