OML Search

Naming Alkanes and Isomers

Related Topics:
More Lessons for IGCSE Chemistry
Math Worksheets


 
A series of free IGCSE Chemistry Activities and Experiments (Cambridge IGCSE Chemistry).

Naming Alkanes
Alkanes are hydrocarbons with single bonds between the carbon atoms.
The general formula is CnH(2n + 2)
Alkanes and their Isomers
Isomers are compounds with the same molecular formula but different structural formula.
Example:
Isomers of Pentane: C5H12
n-pentane, methylbutane, dimethylpropane



Isomers of Hexane
n-hexane, 2-methypentane, 3-methypentane, 2,2-dimethybutane, 2,3-dimethybutane Questions
1. What is the key difference between the molecular and structural formula of a hydrocarbon?
2. Name and draw the isomers of C4H10.
3. Name and draw the isomers of C5H12.

Answers
  • Show Solutions for Questions 1 and 2
    1. The molecular formula shows how many of each type of atom are present in a molecule. The structural formula shows the connectivity of the atoms in the molecule - the bonds and the order in which the atoms are connected.
    2.

    Isomers of C4H10

Rotate to landscape screen format on a mobile phone or small tablet to use the Mathway widget, a free math problem solver that answers your questions with step-by-step explanations.


You can use the free Mathway calculator and problem solver below to practice Algebra or other math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your own problem and check your answer with the step-by-step explanations.


OML Search


We welcome your feedback, comments and questions about this site or page. Please submit your feedback or enquiries via our Feedback page.


[?] Subscribe To This Site

XML RSS
follow us in feedly
Add to My Yahoo!
Add to My MSN
Subscribe with Bloglines