Illustrative Mathematics Grade 7, Unit 5, Lesson 10: Multiplying Signed Numbers

Learning Targets:

  • I can solve problems that involve multiplying rational numbers.

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Illustrative Math
Grade 7

Lesson 10: Multiplying Signed Numbers

Let’s get more practice multiplying signed numbers.

Illustrative Math Unit 7.5, Lesson 10 (printable worksheets)

Lesson 10 Summary

The following diagram shows how to multiply signed numbers.
Multiply Signed Numbers

Lesson 10.1 Which One Doesn’t Belong: Expressions

Which expression doesn’t belong?
7.9 · (-10)
7.9 + x

Lesson 10.2 Matching Expressions

Match expressions that are equal to each other.

Lesson 10.3 Row Game: Multiplying Rational Numbers

Evaluate the expressions in one of the columns. Your partner will work on the other column. Check in with your partner after you finish each row. Your answers in each row should be the same. If your answers aren’t the same, work together to find the error.

Are you ready for more?

A sequence of rational numbers is made by starting with 1, and from then on, each term is one more than the reciprocal of the previous term. Evaluate the first few expressions in the sequence. Can you find any patterns? Find the 10th term in this sequence.

Lesson 10 Practice Problems

  1. Evaluate each expression:
    a. -12 · 1/3
    b. -12 · (-1/3)
    c. 12 · (-5/4)
    d. -12 · (-5/4)
  2. Evaluate each expression:
    a. (-1) · 2 · 3
    b. (-1) · (-2) · 3
    c. (-1) · (-2) · (-3)
  3. Order each set of numbers from least to greatest.
    a. 4, 8, -2, -6, 0
    b. -5, -5.2, 5.5, -5 1/2, -5/2
  4. 30 + -30 = 0
    a. Write another sum of two numbers that equals 0.
    b. Write a sum of three numbers that equals 0.
    c. Write a sum of four numbers that equals 0, none of which are opposites.
  5. A submarine is searching for underwater features. It is accompanied by a small aircraft and an underwater robotic vehicle.
    At one time the aircraft is 200 m above the surface, the submarine is 55 m below the surface, and the underwater robotic vehicle is 227 m below the surface.
    a. What is the difference in height between the submarine and the aircraft?
    b. What is the distance between the underwater robotic vehicle and the submarine?
  6. a. Clare is cycling at a speed of 12 miles per hour. If she starts at a position chosen as zero, what will her position be after 45 minutes?
    b. Han is cycling at a speed of -8 miles per hour; if he starts at the same zero point, what will his position be after 45 minutes?
    c. What will the distance between them be after 45 minutes?
  7. Fill in the missing numbers in these equations
    a. (-7) · ? = -14
    b. ? · 3 = -15
    c ? · 4 = 32
    d. -49 · 3 = ?

The Open Up Resources math curriculum is free to download from the Open Up Resources website and is also available from Illustrative Mathematics.

Try the free Mathway calculator and problem solver below to practice various math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your own problem and check your answer with the step-by-step explanations.
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