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Multiplication - Grade 3

Related Topics: Understanding Division

Examples, solutions, videos, worksheets, games and activities to help Grade 3 students understand multiplication.

These lessons will help you develop an understanding of multiplication by:
• representing and explaining multiplication using equal grouping and arrays.
• relating multiplication to repeated addition.
• relating multiplication to division.

Multiplication using Grouping and Arrays

Multiplication can be understood as a process of counting objects by equal groups.

multiplication by grouping

We can also think of multiplication as rows and columns in rectangular arrays. An array is an arrangement of objects in equal rows.
For example, an array of cookies

grouping, arrays

How to use pictures such as grouping and arrays to solve multiplication problems?

Multiplication as Repeated Addition

We can think of multiplication as addition of the same amount.

repeated addition

5 + 5 + 5 = 15
3 × 5 = 15

How to see multiplication as repeated addition?

Relate Multiplication and Division

Multiplication and division “undo” each other. They are inverse operations.
For example, if
3 × 2 = 6 then 6 ÷ 3 = 2.

relate multiplication division

Relating Multiplication & Division. Relating Multiplication and Division.

Try the free Mathway calculator and problem solver below to practice various math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your own problem and check your answer with the step-by-step explanations.
Mathway Calculator Widget

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