 Related Topics: Understanding Division

Examples, solutions, videos, worksheets, games and activities to help Grade 3 students understand multiplication.

• representing and explaining multiplication using equal grouping and arrays.
• relating multiplication to repeated addition.
• relating multiplication to division.

### Multiplication using Grouping and Arrays

Multiplication can be understood as a process of counting objects by equal groups. We can also think of multiplication as rows and columns in rectangular arrays. An array is an arrangement of objects in equal rows.
For example, an array of cookies How to use pictures such as grouping and arrays to solve multiplication problems?

We can think of multiplication as addition of the same amount. 5 + 5 + 5 = 15
3 × 5 = 15

How to see multiplication as repeated addition?

### Relate Multiplication and Division

Multiplication and division “undo” each other. They are inverse operations.
For example, if
3 × 2 = 6 then 6 ÷ 3 = 2. Relating Multiplication & Division. Relating Multiplication and Division.

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