Modeling a Context from a Verbal Description 2

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New York State Common Core Math Algebra I, Module 5, Lesson 9

Worksheets for Algebra I, Module 5, Lesson 9 (pdf)

Student Outcomes

  • Students interpret the function and its graph and use them to answer questions related to the model, including calculating the rate of change over an interval, and always using an appropriate level of precision when reporting results.
  • Students use graphs to interpret the function represented by the equation in terms of the context, and answer questions about the model using the appropriate level of precision in reporting results.

Lesson 9: Modeling a Context from a Verbal Description


Opening Exercise

What does it mean to attend to precision when modeling in mathematics?

Example 1

Marymount Township secured the construction of a power plant, which opened in 1990. Once the power plant opened in 1990, the population of Marymount increased by about 20% each year for the first ten years and then increased by 5% each year after that.
a. If the population was 150,000 people in 2010, what was the population in 2000?
b. How should you round your answer? Explain.
c. What was the population in 1990?

Example 2

If the trend continued, what would the population be in 2009?


  1. A tortoise and a hare are having a race. The tortoise moves at 4 miles per hour. The hare travels at 10 miles per hour. Halfway through the race, the hare decides to take a 5-hour nap and then gets up and continues at 10 miles per hour.
    a. If the race is 40 miles long, who won the race? Support your answer with mathematical evidence.
    b. How long (in miles) would the race have to be for there to be a tie between the two creatures, if the same situation (as described in Exercise 1) happened?
  2. The graph on the right represents the value 𝑉 of a popular stock. Its initial value was $12/share on day 0. Note: The calculator uses 𝑋 to represent 𝑑, and π‘Œ to represent 𝑉.
    a. How many days after its initial value at time 𝑑 = 0 did the stock price return to $12 per share?
    b. Write a quadratic equation representing the value of this stock over time.
    c. Use this quadratic equation to predict the stock’s value after 15 days

Lesson Summary

The full modeling cycle is used to interpret the function and its graph, compute for the rate of change over an interval, and attend to precision to solve real-world problems in the context of population growth and decay and other problems in geometric sequences or forms of linear, exponential, and quadratic functions.

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