CIE May 2021 9709 Prob & Stats 2 Paper 61 (pdf)
- Accidents at two factories occur randomly and independently. On average, the numbers of accidents
per month are 3.1 at factory A and 1.7 at factory B.
Find the probability that the total number of accidents in the two factories during a 2-month period is
more than 3.
- The time, in minutes, taken by students to complete a test has the distribution N
(a) Find the probability that the mean time taken to complete the test by a random sample of
40 students is less than 123 minutes.
(b) Explain whether it was necessary to use the Central Limit theorem in the solution to part (a).
- The graph of the probability density function of a random variable X is symmetrical about the line
x = 4.
Given that P(X < 5) = 20/27, find P(3 < X < 5).
- 100 randomly chosen adults each throw a ball once. The length, l metres, of each throw is recorded.
The results are summarised below.
n = 100 Σl = 3820 Σl2 = 182 200
Calculate a 94% confidence interval for the population mean length of throws by adults.
- On average, 1 in 75 000 adults has a certain genetic disorder.
(a) Use a suitable approximating distribution to find the probability that, in a random sample of
10 000 people, at least 1 has the genetic disorder.
(b) In a random sample of n people, where n is large, the probability that no-one has the genetic
disorder is more than 0.9.
Find the largest possible value of n.
- The probability density function, f, of a random variable X is given by
State the value of E(X) and show that Var(X) = 9/5
- The masses, in kilograms, of large and small sacks of flour have the distributions N(55, 32)
and N(27, 2.52) respectively.
(a) Some sacks are loaded onto a boat. The maximum load of flour that the boat can carry safely is
Find the probability that the boat can carry safely 3 randomly chosen large sacks of flour and
6 randomly chosen small sacks of flour.
(b) Find the probability that the mass of a randomly chosen large sack of flour is greater than the
total mass of two randomly chosen small sacks of flour.
- At a certain large school it was found that the proportion of students not wearing correct uniform
was 0.15. The school sent a letter to parents asking them to ensure that their children wear the correct
uniform. The school now wishes to test whether the proportion not wearing correct uniform has been
(a) It is suggested that a random sample of the students in Grade 12 should be used for the test.
Give a reason why this would not be an appropriate sample.
A suitable sample of 50 students is selected and the number not wearing correct uniform is noted.
This figure is used to carry out a test at the 5% significance level.
(b) State suitable null and alternative hypotheses.
(c) Use a binomial distribution to find the probability of a Type I error. You must justify your answer
(d) In fact 4 students out of the 50 are not wearing correct uniform.
State the conclusion of the test, explaining your answer.
(e) State, with a reason, which of the errors, Type I or Type II, may have been made.
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