CIE May 2020 9709 Prob & Stats 2 Paper 62 (pdf)
- The masses, in grams, of plums of a certain type have the distribution N(40.4, 5.22/sup>). The plums are
packed in bags, with each bag containing 6 randomly chosen plums. If the total weight of the plums
in a bag is less than 220 g the bag is rejected.
Find the percentage of bags that are rejected.
- A shop obtains apples from a certain farm. It has been found that 5% of apples from this farm are
Grade A. Following a change in growing conditions at the farm, the shop management plan to carry
out a hypothesis test to find out whether the proportion of Grade A apples has increased. They select
25 apples at random. If the number of Grade A apples is more than 3 they will conclude that the
proportion has increased.
(a) State suitable null and alternative hypotheses for the test
(b) Find the probability of a Type I error
In fact 2 of the 25 apples were Grade A.
(c) Which of the errors, Type I or Type II, is possible? Justify your answer.
- In the data-entry department of a certain firm, it is known that 0.12% of data items are entered
incorrectly, and that these errors occur randomly and independently.
(a) A random sample of 3600 data items is chosen. The number of these data items that are
incorrectly entered is denoted by X.
(i) State the distribution of X, including the values of any parameters.
(ii) State an appropriate approximating distribution for X, including the values of any
Justify your choice of approximating distribution
(iii) Use your approximating distribution to find P(X > 2)
(b) Another large random sample of n data items is chosen. The probability that the sample contains
no data items that are entered incorrectly is more than 0.1.
Use an approximating distribution to find the largest possible value of n.
- The score on one spin of a 5-sided spinner is denoted by the random variable X with probability
distribution as shown in the table.
(a) Show that Var(X) = 1.2
The spinner is spun 200 times. The score on each spin is noted and the mean, X, of the 200 scores is
(b) Given that P(X > a) = 0.1, find the value of a.
(c) Explain whether it was necessary to use the Central Limit theorem in your answer to part (b).
(d) Johann has another, similar, spinner. He suspects that it is biased so that the mean score is less
than 2. He spins his spinner 200 times and finds that the mean of the 200 scores is 1.86.
Given that the variance of the score on one spin of this spinner is also 1.2, test Johann’s suspicion
at the 5% significance level.
- (a) The random variable X has the distribution Po(λ).
(i) State the values that X can take.
It is given that P(X = 1) = 3 × P(X = 0).
(ii) Find λ
(iii) Find P(4 ≤ X ≤ 6)
(b) The random variable Y has the distribution Po(μ) where - is large. Using a suitable approximating
distribution, it is found that P(Y < 46) = 0.0668, correct to 4 decimal places.
- A random variable X has probability density function given by
where k and a are positive constants.
(a) Show that k = a/(a − 1)
(b) Find E(X) in terms of a
(c) Find the 60th percentile of X in terms of a.
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