CIE May 2020 9709 Prob & Stats 2 Paper 61 (pdf)
- The lengths, X centimetres, of a random sample of 7 leaves from a certain variety of tree are as follows.
5.2 4.8 5.5 6.1 4.8 3.9 4.4
(a) Calculate unbiased estimates of the population mean and variance of X
It is now given that the true value of the population variance of X is 0.55, and that X has a normal
(b) Find a 95% confidence interval for the population mean of X
- In the past the yield of a certain crop, in tonnes per hectare, had mean 0.56 and standard deviation
0.08. Following the introduction of a new fertilizer, the farmer intends to test at the 2.5% significance
level whether the mean yield has increased. He finds that the mean yield over 10 years is 0.61 tonnes
(a) State two assumptions that are necessary for the test
(b) Carry out the test
- The masses, in kilograms, of large sacks of flour and small sacks of flour have the independent
distributions N(40, 1.52) and N(12, 0.72) respectively.
(a) Find the probability that the total mass of 6 randomly chosen large sacks of flour is more than
(b) Find the probability that the mass of a randomly chosen large sack of flour is less than 4 times
the mass of a randomly chosen small sack of flour
- A fair spinner has five sides numbered 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. The score on one spin is denoted by X.
(a) Show that Var(X) = 2
Fiona has another spinner, also with five sides numbered 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. She suspects that it is biased so
that the expected score is less than 3. In order to test her suspicion, she plans to spin her spinner 40
times. If the mean score is less than 2.6 she will conclude that her spinner is biased in this way.
(b) Find the probability of a Type I error
(c) State what is meant by a Type II error in this context.
- Each week a sports team plays one home match and one away match. In their home matches they
score goals at a constant average rate of 2.1 goals per match. In their away matches they score goals
at a constant average rate of 0.8 goals per match. You may assume that goals are scored at random
times and independently of one another.
(a) A week is chosen at random.
(i) Find the probability that the team scores a total of 4 goals in their two matches
(ii) Find the probability that the team scores a total of 4 goals, with more goals scored in the
home match than in the away match.
(b) Use a suitable approximating distribution to find the probability that the team scores fewer than
25 goals in 10 randomly chosen weeks.
(c) Justify the use of the approximating distribution used in part (b).
- The length of time, T minutes, that a passenger has to wait for a bus at a certain bus stop is modelled
by the probability density function given by
(a) Sketch the graph of y = f(t)
(b) Hence explain, without calculation, why E(T) = 10
(c) Find Var(T)(d) It is given that P(T < 10 + a) = p, where 0 < a < 10.
Find P(10 − a < T < 10 + a) in terms of p.
(e) Find P(8 < T < 12)
(f) Give one reason why this model may be unrealistic
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