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Logic Puzzles

A collection of logic puzzles for fun and pleasure! Tease your brain with these logic puzzles, then click click for answer to show or hide the answer. (Note: You may need to enable JavaScript on your browser for the answers to show properly.)

Also visit our Math Trivia page for more arithmetic riddles, geometry riddles, statistics riddles, calculus riddles etc.

The Man with the Hat

There are four men standing in front of a firing squad. Two of them (no. 1 & 3) wear a black hat and two of them (no. 2 & 4) wear a white hat. They are all facing in the same direction and there is a brick wall between 3 and 4. So no. 1 can see no. 2 and 3, no. 2 can only see no. 3, no. 3 can only see the wall and no. 4 doesn’t see anything.

The commander of the firing squad is willing to let the men go if one of them can say what color hat he is wearing. They all know that there are two white and two black hats in total. The men are not allowed to talk, save "I'm wearing a white/black hat". If one of the men knows which hat he is wearing he must say it and set them all free.

Which man can be 100% sure of what color hat he's wearing? click for answer

Burning Rope

You have two ropes. Each one takes exactly an hour to burn, but they are not the same length or width, and their width is not uniform (so burning half the length of a rope does not mean half an hour has elapsed).

By burning the ropes, how do you measure exactly 45 minutes? (Hint: you can burn the ropes however you like.) click for answer

The fox, the rabbit and the carrots

A boatman has been hired to take a fox, a rabbit, and a bag of carrots across the river. However, the boat only has room for one passenger. The fox will eat the rabbit if left alone on one side, and the rabbit will do the same with the carrots.

How do you get all three across without any of them being eaten? click for answer

A Good Bargain

A person building a house forgets an important part of his project. He then calls a hardware store to order the missing item. He finds that 1 will cost him $2, and 2 will cost him $2, but 12 will cost him $4 and 144 will cost him $6.

What was the item he needed? click for answer

The Fruit Stand

At my favorite fruit stand in Puzzleland, an orange costs 18 cents, a pineapple costs 27 cents, and a grape costs 15 cents. Using the same logic, how much does a mango cost? click for answer

Strange Tastes

Margot likes knights but not battlers; she likes writing but not typing; she likes to listen but not to sing. Does she like an unknown or a famous author? click for answer

Doctor Livingstump

Doctor Livingstump was very proud indeed of his big-game hunting exploits. He had published several monographs about his life among the pygmies, his exploits during the Boer War, and his single-handed capture of an entire tribe of blow-dart hunting natives. He had even brought home a poisoned blow-dart as evidence, and he told friends he was going to use it to start a museum collection. This particular day, dressed in his usual explorer clothes, he was sitting comfortably in an armchair, being interviewed by the Explorer’s Club membership committee. “As I said,” he continued, “my reputation had spread before me, and these poor chappies sent word via the drums that they needed me desperately. Two of their babies, one of their women, and two warriors had been snatched right out of the village by this man-eating tiger. They were desperately short of warriors, the drums said.” He nodded for emphasis. “So I assembled my bearers, my full set of guns, and set off for the village. It was at the headwaters of the Nile, in territory so remote no white man had been before. I learned all I could from my bearers about the habits of nocturnal hunters like that tiger-” Here, the four committee members unceremoniously cut him off by seizing one of the doctor’s limbs each and hurling him down the steps into the street. Why? click for answer

The Blue House

You are strolling along in the countryside one day, and you reach a hill. On top of the hill is a large single-storey house. It looked like any ordinary house, except that it was completely blue. You decide to take a closer look, and find that it is, indeed, completely blue – the drainpipes, the doorframe, the windowsill – everything is blue. You think this is rather strange, and you decide to see what the house is like inside. You open the door (which happened to be unlocked) and look around. Everything inside is blue as well, right down to the furniture and the tea set on the (blue) dining table. What color are the stairs? click for answer

Safe Travels

I agreed to meet my brother for lunch in New Haven. He was traveling from Boston, while I was traveling from New York. When we met at New Haven, which of us was further from Boston? click for answer

The Test Pilot

I met my friend the test pilot, who had just received a lot of publicity for a record round-the-world flight by hot-air balloon. With my friend was a little girl of about two. “What’s her name?” I asked my friend, whom I hadn’t seen in 5 or 6 years and had married in that time. “Same as her mother,” was the reply. “Hello, Susan,” I said to the little girl. How did I know if I had never seen the wedding announcement? click for answer

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