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GRE Practice Test Verbal Reasoning Part 6

Questions and Solutions for GRE Practice Test Second Edition. (Verbal Reasoning Section 3 Part 6)

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These are explanations and step by step solutions for the second edition of the ETS Practice Book for the Paper-Based GRE Revised General Test (Verbal Reasoning Section 3).
GRE Practice Test Second Edition - Complete Paper (pdf)

For each of Questions 20 to 25, select one answer choice unless otherwise directed.

GRE Practice Test Second Edition. (Verbal Reasoning Section 3 solution for question 21)

21. The passage asserts which of the following about the exposures involved in the “research on olfactory adaptation” (line 11)?
A. The exposures are of long enough duration for researchers to investigate many aspects of olfactory adaptation.
B. The exposures have rarely consisted of reexposures following extended absences from the odorous environment.
C. The exposures are intended to reproduce the relatively transient olfactory changes typical of exposures to odors in natural environments.
D. Those exposures of relatively short duration are often insufficient to produce the phenomenon of receptor fatigue in study subjects.
E. Those exposures lasting several hours produce reductions in receptors in the olfactory epithelium that are similar to the reductions caused by prolonged odor stimulation.
GRE Practice Test Second Edition. (Verbal Reasoning Section 3 solution for question 22)

22. The author of the passage discusses “receptor fatigue” (line 24) primarily in order to
A. explain the physiological process through which long-lasting reductions in response are thought to be produced
B. provide an example of a process that subjects would probably not experience during a prolonged period of odorant stimulation
C. help illustrate how the information gathered from most olfactory research may not be sufficient to describe the effects of extended exposures to odors
D. show how studies of short-term olfactory adaptation have only accounted for the reductions in response that follow relatively brief absences from an odorous environment
E. qualify a statement about the severity and duration of the perceptual changes caused by exposure to chronically present ambient odors

GRE Practice Test Second Edition. (Verbal Reasoning Section 3 solution for question 23)

23. The passage suggests that an adherent to the “orthodox position” (line 3) would agree with which of the following statements?
A. Northern Renaissance prints should be regarded as passive representations of their time.
B. Northern Renaissance prints were part of a campaign aimed at altering contemporary thinking.
C. Northern Renaissance prints provide reliable records of contemporary events, opinions, and beliefs.
GRE Practice Test Second Edition. (Verbal Reasoning Section 3 solution for question 24)

24. Replacement of the word “passive” (line 5) which of the following words results in the least change in meaning for the passage?
A. disinterested
B. submissive
C. flaccid
D. supine
E. unreceptive
GRE Practice Test Second Edition. (Verbal Reasoning Section 3 solution for question 25)

25. Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?
A. The levels of the compounds typically used in boat paints today are lower than they were in boat paints manufactured a decade ago.
B. In high concentrations, the compounds are toxic to many types of marine animals.
C. The compounds break down into harmless substances after a few months of exposure to water or air.
D. High tissue levels of the compounds have recently been found in some marine animals, but there is no record of any of those animals dying in unusually large numbers recently.
E. The compounds do not leach out of the boat paint if the paint is applied exactly in accordance with the manufacturer’s directions.

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