 Related Topics:
More Lessons for Algebra
Math Worksheets

A series of free, online Basic Algebra Lessons.
In this lesson, we will learn
• vertical and horizontal shifts of quadratic graphs
• dilations or stretching of quadratic graphs

When we graph quadratic functions, we always get a parabola (or U) shape and symmetry in the table and graph. One easy way to complete quadratic graphs is to make a table of values by plugging in x-values into the function to calculate the y-value and then plotting these points. When graphing quadratics, other important terms and features include the vertex and axis of symmetry.

When graphing quadratic equations, there are a few key terms that we can identify to help us graph quadratic functions more efficiently. Instead of plugging in values, we can find specific characteristics such as the y-intercept, x-intercepts, direction, shape, vertex and axis of symmetry. When graphing quadratic equations, it is always best to initially graph the function by hand and then check your work using a graphing calculator if able.

This video outlines a little recipe of things to examine when graphing a quadratic function by hand. It shows one example of graphing a quadratic function. Graphing Quadratic Functions in General Form

### Vertical and Horizontal Shifts of Quadratic Graphs

Horizontal and vertical graph shifts occur in a graph when the graph either moves up and down on the y-axis or side-to-side on the x-axis. When a graph shifts, the vertex simply moves position but the shape stays the same. We can graph parabolas and these shifts by either using a table of values, critical points or a graphing calculator.
You can shift a graph up or down by adding or subtracting a constant. Shifting a graph left or right can be achieved by adding or subtracting a constant from the argument of a function

When graphing parabolas and other functions, there are certain types of graph dilations that help us graph and explore parabolas more efficiently. When graphing parabolas, dilations occur when the "a" term value is changed. If we change the "a" to a negative, the graph shifts downward instead of upward. As the absolute value of the "a" value increases, the graph becomes "steeper." If we use a fraction as the "a" value, the graph of the parabola becomes wider.
How to graph parabolas that are wide or skinny or upside down without making a table of values. Sketching quadratic functions with stretches and flips

Try the free Mathway calculator and problem solver below to practice various math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your own problem and check your answer with the step-by-step explanations.  