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The Fungi Kingdom

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A series of free Science Lessons for 7th Grade and 8th Grade, KS3 and Checkpoint Science in preparation for GCSE and IGCSE Science.

The Fungi Kingdom
Mushrooms, toadstools and moulds (molds) are multicellular fungi. Yeast is an example of a single-celled fungus.
Although some fungi such as mushrooms can be seen without a microscope, at one stage in their life cycle they cannot be seen and behave like other microorganisms. This is the spore stage.

When the spore lands in favourable conditions, the spore case breaks open and a thin thread called a hypha grows out and begins to digest any food around it. As they grow. they form a larger structure called a mycellium, which in time produces fruiting bodies, of which mushroom is an example.

A few fungi are parasites. Athlete's food is caused by a fungus that feeds on damp skin between the toes.

What is a fungus?
In this video, we find out what a fungus actually is, how they live and how they cause and fight disease.

Structure of fungi
Spores, hyphae and mycelium under a microscope.
Mold Growth on White Bread
Experiment to determine what makes bread mold the fastest.

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You can use the free Mathway calculator and problem solver below to practice Algebra or other math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your own problem and check your answer with the step-by-step explanations.

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