Writing and Evaluating Expressions-Exponents

In these lessons, we help Grade 6 students learn how to evaluate and write formulas involving exponents for given values in real-world problems.

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New York State Common Core Math Module 4, Grade 6, Lesson 22

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Lesson 22 Exercises 1–3

  1. Predict how many times you can fold a piece of paper in half.

  2. Before any folding (zero folds), there is only one layer of paper. This is recorded in the first row of the table.
    Fold your paper in half. Record the number of layers of paper that result. Continue as long as possible.
    a. Are you able to continue folding the paper indefinitely? Why or why not?
    b. How could you use a calculator to find the next number in the series?
    c. What is the relationship between the number of folds and the number of layers?
    d. How is this relationship represented in the exponential form of the numerical expression?
    e. If you fold a paper f times, write an expression to show the number of paper layers.

  3. If the paper were to be cut instead of folded, the height of the stack would double at each successive stage, and it would be possible to continue.
    a. Write an expression that describes how many layers of paper result from cuts.
    b. Evaluate this expression by writing it in standard form.

Example 2: Bacterial Infection
Bacteria are microscopic one-celled organisms that reproduce in a couple of different ways, one of which is called binary fission. In binary fission, a bacterium increases its size until it is large enough to split into two parts that are identical. These two grow until they are both large enough to split into two individual bacteria. This continues as long as growing conditions are favorable.
a. Record the number of bacteria that result from each generation.
b. How many generations would it take until there were over one million bacteria present?
c. Under the right growing conditions, many bacteria can reproduce every 15 minutes. Under these conditions, how long would it take for one bacterium to reproduce itself into more than one million bacteria?
d. Write an expression for how many bacteria would be present after g generations.

Example 3: Volume of a Rectangular Solid
This box has a width, w. The height of the box, h, is twice the width. The length of the box, l, is three times the width.That is, the width, height, and length of a rectangular prism are in the ratio of 1:2:3.
For rectangular solids like this, the volume is calculated by multiplying length times width times height.

Closing Why 53 is different from 5 × 3?

Lesson 22 Exit Ticket

  1. Naomi’s allowance is $2.00 per week. If she convinces her parents to double her allowance each week for two months, what will her weekly allowance be at the end of the second month (week 8)?

  2. Write the expression that describes Naomi’s allowance during week w, in dollars.

Problem Set

  1. A checkerboard has 64 squares on it. a. If one grain of rice is put on the first square, 2 grains of rice on the second square, 4 grains of rice on the third square, 8 grains of rice on the fourth square, and so on (doubling each time), complete the table to show how many grains of rice are on each square. Write your answers in exponential form on the table below.
    b. How many grains of rice would be on the last square? Represent your answer in exponential form and standard form. Use the table above to help solve the problem.
    c. Would it have been easier to write your answer to part (b) in exponential form or standard form?

  2. If an amount of money is invested at an annual interest rate of 6%, it doubles every 12 years. If Alejandra invests $500, how long will it take for her investment to reach $2,000 (assuming she does not contribute any additional funds)?

  3. The athletics director at Peter’s school has created a phone tree that is used to notify team players in the event a game has to be canceled or rescheduled. The phone tree is initiated when the director calls two captains. During the second stage of the phone tree, the captains each call two players. During the third stage of the phone tree, these players each call two other players. The phone tree continues until all players have been notified. If there are 50 players on the teams, how many stages will it take to notify all of the players?

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