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Understand the meaning of the equal sign for grade 1, by pairing equivalent expressions and constructing true number sentences.

In Grade 1, students are introduced to the concept of equality and the equal sign (=) in the context of basic mathematics. Understanding the meaning of the equal sign is a foundational skill that sets the stage for more complex mathematical concepts in later grades. Here’s how the meaning of the equal sign is typically introduced and understood in Grade 1:

- Equality Concept:

- Begin by explaining the concept of equality in simple terms. Emphasize that the equal sign represents balance or sameness.
- Use concrete examples to illustrate equality, such as having the same number of objects on both sides of a scale.

- Symbol Introduction:

- Introduce the equal sign (=) as a symbol that shows that two quantities or expressions have the same value.
- Reinforce the idea that the equal sign is like a balance scale – whatever is on one side must be the same on the other for it to be “equal.”

- Concrete Representations:

- Use tangible objects, drawings, or manipulatives to represent mathematical expressions. For example, if there are three apples on one side and three apples on the other side, you can write 3 = 3.

- Hands-On Activities:

- Engage students in hands-on activities where they physically manipulate objects to show equality. This could involve grouping objects, using counters, or drawing pictures.

- Simple Equations:

- Demonstrate simple equations using the equal sign. For instance, show that 2 + 4 = 6 means that when you add 2 and 4 together, you get 6.

- Interactive Learning:

- Encourage students to participate actively in the learning process. Ask questions like, “What does the equal sign mean?” or “How can we make both sides equal?”

- Real-Life Connections:

- Relate the concept of equality to real-life scenarios. For example, if there are four students in one row and four students in another row, you can write 4 = 4 to show that both rows have the same number of students.

- Repetition and Reinforcement:

- Reinforce the concept through repetition and various activities. Provide opportunities for students to practice using the equal sign in different contexts.

- Encourage Verbal Expression:

- Encourage students to explain their thinking verbally. Ask them to use words like “same as” or “equal to” when describing equations.

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Scroll down the page for more **Equal Sign Worksheets**.

**Printable**

(Answers on the second page.)

Equal Sign Worksheet #1

Equal Sign Worksheet #2

Equal Sign Worksheet #3

Equal Sign Worksheet #4

Commutative Property Worksheet

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