# Copy and Bisect an Angle

### New York State Common Core Math Geometry, Module 1, Lesson 3

Student Outcomes

• Students learn how to bisect an angle as well as how to copy an angle.

Copy and Bisect an Angle

Classwork

Opening Exercise

In the following figure, circles have been constructed so that the endpoints of the diameter of each circle coincide with the endpoints of each segment of the equilateral triangle. a. What is special about points π·, πΈ, and πΉ? Explain how this can be confirmed with the use of a compass. b. Draw DE, EF, and FD. What kind of triangle must β³ π·πΈπΉ be? c. What is special about the four triangles within β³ π΄π΅πΆ? d. How many times greater is the area of β³ π΄π΅πΆ than the area of β³ πΆπ·πΈ?

Discussion

Define the terms angle, interior of an angle, and angle bisector.

ANGLE: An angle is ____________________________________________________

INTERIOR: The interior of β π΅π΄πΆ is the set of points in the intersection of the half-plane of AC that contains π΅ and the half-plane of AB that contains πΆ. The interior is easy to identify because it is always the βsmallerβ region of the two regions defined by the angle (the region that is convex). The other region is called the exterior of the angle.

ANGLE BISECTOR: If πΆ is in the interior of β π΄ππ΅, _________________________________ When we say πβ π΄ππΆ = πβ πΆππ΅, we mean that the angle measures are equal.

Geometry Assumptions

In working with lines and angles, we again make specific assumptions that need to be identified. For example, in the definition of interior of an angle above, we assumed that an angle separated the plane into two disjoint sets. This follows from the assumption: Given a line, the points of the plane that do not lie on the line form two sets called halfplanes, such that (1) each of the sets is convex, and (2) if π is a point in one of the sets, and π is a point in the other, then the segment ππ intersects the line.

From this assumption, another obvious fact follows about a segment that intersects the sides of an angle: Given an β π΄ππ΅, then for any point πΆ in the interior of β π΄ππ΅, the ray ππΆ always intersects the segment π΄π΅.

In this lesson, we move from working with line segments to working with angles, specifically with bisecting angles. Before we do this, we need to clarify our assumptions about measuring angles. These assumptions are based upon what we know about a protractor that measures up to 180Β° angles:

1. To every β π΄ππ΅ there corresponds a quantity πβ π΄ππ΅ called the degree or measure of the angle so that 0Β° < πβ π΄ππ΅ < 180Β°.
This number, of course, can be thought of as the angle measurement (in degrees) of the interior part of the angle, which is what we read off of a protractor when measuring an angle. In particular, we have also seen that we can use protractors to βadd anglesβ:
2. If πΆ is a point in the interior of β π΄ππ΅, then πβ π΄ππΆ + πβ πΆππ΅ = πβ π΄ππ΅.
Two angles β π΅π΄πΆ and β πΆπ΄π· form a linear pair if π΄π΅ and π΄π· are opposite rays on a line, and π΄πΆ is any other ray. In earlier grades, we abbreviated this situation and the fact that the measures of the angles on a line add up to 180Β° as, ββ βs on a line.β Now, we state it formally as one of our assumptions:
3. If two angles β π΅π΄πΆ and β πΆπ΄π· form a linear pair, then they are supplementary (i.e., πβ π΅π΄πΆ + πβ πΆπ΄π· = 180Β°). Protractors also help us to draw angles of a specified measure:
4. Let ππ΅ be a ray on the edge of the half-plane π». For every π such that 0Β° < πΒ° < 180Β°, there is exactly one ray ππ΄ with π΄ in π» such that πβ π΄ππ΅ = πΒ°.

Mathematical Modeling Exercise 1: Investigate How to Bisect an Angle

You need a compass and a straightedge.

Joey and his brother, Jimmy, are working on making a picture frame as a birthday gift for their mother. Although they have the wooden pieces for the frame, they need to find the angle bisector to accurately fit the edges of the pieces together. Using your compass and straightedge, show how the boys bisected the corner angles of the wooden pieces below to create the finished frame on the right.

Consider how the use of circles aids the construction of an angle bisector. Be sure to label the construction as it progresses and to include the labels in your steps. Experiment with the angles below to determine the correct steps for the construction.

What steps did you take to bisect an angle? List the steps below:

Mathematical Modeling Exercise 2: Investigate How to Copy an Angle

You will need a compass and a straightedge. You and your partner will be provided with a list of steps (in random order) needed to copy an angle using a compass and straightedge. Your task is to place the steps in the correct order, then follow the steps to copy the angle below.

Try the free Mathway calculator and problem solver below to practice various math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your own problem and check your answer with the step-by-step explanations.