Illustrative Mathematics Grade 7, Unit 2, Lesson 12: Using Graphs to Compare Relationships

Learning Targets:

  • I can compare two related proportional relationships based on their graphs.
  • I know that the steeper graph of two proportional relationships has a larger constant of proportionality.

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Illustrative Math
Grade 7

Lesson 12: Using Graphs to Compare Relationships

Let’s graph more than one relationship on the same grid.

Illustrative Math Unit 7.2, Lesson 12 (printable worksheets)

Lesson 12 Summary

The following diagram shows how to compare two related proportional relationships based on their graphs.
Compare Proportional Graphs

Lesson 12.1 Number Talk: Fraction Multiplication and Division

Find each product or quotient mentally.
2/3 · 1/2
4/3 · 1/4
4 ÷ 1/5
9/6 ÷ 1/2

Lesson 12.2 Race to the Bumper Cars

Diego, Lin, and Mai went from the ticket booth to the bumper cars. Descriptions and tables representing their journeys are below.

  1. Read each description and complete each table.
  • Diego left the ticket booth at the same time as Tyler. Diego jogged ahead at a steady pace and reached the bumper cars in 30 seconds.
  • Lin left the ticket booth at the same time as Tyler. She ran at a steady pace and arrived at the bumper cars in 20 seconds.
  • Mai left the booth 10 seconds later than Tyler. Her steady jog enabled her to catch up with Tyler just as he arrived at the bumper cars.
  1. Draw a graph for each person’s journey, including Tyler’s (from before).
  • Drag the names to the correct lines to label them.
  • If you choose to, you can use the Paint Brush tool to change the color of each line. Select the tool, click on a color in the palette below the graph, and then click on a line. Click on the Move tool (the arrow) before changing to a new paint brush color.
  • You can hide any points you create with the checkbox below the graph.
    Open Applet
  1. For Tyler, Diego, and Lin, which person is moving the most quickly? How is that reflected in the graph?

Are you ready for more?

Write equations to represent each person’s relationship between time and distance.

Lesson 12.3 Space Rocks and the Price of Rope

  1. Meteoroid Perseid 245 and an unknown asteroid were traveling through the solar system.
    Explore the applet to learn about the distance they had each traveled after a given time.
    Open Applet
    Is Asteroid x traveling faster or slower than Perseid 245? Explain how you know.
  2. The graph shows the price, p, of different lengths, L, of two types of rope.
    If you buy $1.00 of each kind of rope, which one will be longer? Explain how you know.

Lesson 12 Practice Problems

  1. Match each equation to its graph.
    A. y = 2x
    B. y = 4/5 x
    C. y = 1/4 x
    D. y = 2/3 x
    E. y = 4/3 x
    F. y = 3/2 x
  2. The graphs below show some data from a coffee shop menu. One of the graphs shows cost (in dollars) vs. drink volume (in ounces), and one of the graphs shows calories vs. drink volume (in ounces).
    a. Which graph is which? Give them the correct titles.
    b. Which quantities appear to be in a proportional relationship? Explain how you know.
    c. For the proportional relationship, find the constant of proportionality. What does that number mean?
  3. Lin and Andre biked home from school at a steady pace. Lin biked 1.5 km and it took her 5 minutes. Andre biked 2 km and it took him 8 minutes.
    a. Draw a graph with two lines that represent the bike rides of Lin and Andre.
    b. For each line, highlight the point with coordinates (1,k) and find k.
    c. Who was biking faster?

The Open Up Resources math curriculum is free to download from the Open Up Resources website and is also available from Illustrative Mathematics.

Try the free Mathway calculator and problem solver below to practice various math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your own problem and check your answer with the step-by-step explanations.
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