3rd Grade Word Problems (Multiplication & Division)

Related Topics:
More Word Problems
Singapore Math

The following are some examples of 3rd Grade Word Problems for multiplication and division. These problems are solved with the help of block diagrams or bar models (Singapore Math).

Multiplication

Example:

Judy has 32 books. Her sister has 3 times as many books as she. How many books do they have altogether?

Solution:

Step 1: Find the number of storybooks Judy’s sister has.

32 × 3 = 96
Judy’s sister has 96 books.

Step 2: Find the total number of books they have.

32 + 96 = 128
They have 128 books altogether.

Division

Example:

Alice bought 5 boxes of apples. Each box contained 48 apples. She then put the apples equally into 8 bags. How many apples did she put in each bag?

Solution:

Step 1: Find the total number of apples Alice bought.

48 × 5 = 240

Alice bought 240 apples altogether.

Step 2: Find the number of apples she put in each bag.

240 ÷ 8 = 30

She put 30 apples in each bag.

Example:
Hilda and Tracy have a total of \$400. Tracy has 7 times as much money as Hilda. How much money has Tracy?

Example:
Sam bought 5 sets of phone cards. Jane bought 2 more sets than Sam. If there are 5 cards in a set, how many phone cards did Jane buy?

Example:
There are 27 students in Ms. Austin’s class. She groups her class into three teams that have an equal number of students. How many students are on each team?

Examples:
Model Drawing with Multiplication

1. Ryan has 4 times as many marbles as Jordan. If they had 60 marbles altogether, how many marbles did Ryan have?
2. Alice has 35 rabbits. She has 5 times as many rabbits as chickens. How many chickens does Alive have?
3. Monica had 3 times as many pens as Griffin. If they had 220 pens altogether, how many pens did Monica have?
Part-Whole Division
4. 28 chairs are arranged equally in 4 rows. How many chairs are there in each row?
5. If 18 cookies are arranged equally in 6 piles, how many cookies are in each pile?
Multiple Step Bar Model Problem
6. Mike had 3 times as much money as Steve. Dick had 2 times as much money as Steve. If Dick had \$98.00, how much money did Mike have?
7. Trina had 2 times as many vacation days as Dave. Perry had 3 times as many vacation days as Dave. If Perry had 36 vacation days, how many vacation days did Trina have?

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