2021 Physics 9702 Paper 22

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March 2021 Physics 9702 Paper 22 (pdf)

  1. (a) Complete Table 1.1 by stating whether each of the quantities is a vector or a scalar.
    (b) The variation with time t of the velocity v of an object is shown in Fig. 1.1.
    (i) Determine the acceleration of the object from time t = 0 to time t = 4.0s.
    (ii) Determine the distance moved by the object from time t = 0 to time t = 4.0s
    (c) (i) Define force.
    (ii) The motion represented in Fig. 1.1 is caused by a resultant force F acting on the object.
    On Fig. 1.2, sketch the variation of F with time t from t = 0 to t = 12.0s.
    Numerical values of F are not required.
  2. (a) State what is meant by work done.
    (b) A beach ball is released from a balcony at the top of a tall building. The ball falls vertically from rest and reaches a constant (terminal) velocity. The gravitational potential energy of the ball decreases by 60J as it falls from the balcony to the ground. The ball hits the ground with speed 16ms−1 and kinetic energy 23J.
    (i) Show that the mass of the ball is 0.18kg
    (ii) Calculate the height of the balcony above the ground
    (iii) Determine the average resistive force acting on the ball as it falls from the balcony to the ground.
    (c) State and explain the variation, if any, in the magnitude of the acceleration of the ball in
    (b) during the time interval when the ball is moving downwards before it reaches constant (terminal) velocity
  3. A spring is extended by a force. The variation with extension x of the force F is shown in Fig. 3.1.
    (a) State the name of the law that relates the force and extension of the spring shown in Fig. 3.1.
    (b) Determine:
    (i) the spring constant, in Nm−1, of the spring
    (ii) the strain energy (elastic potential energy) in the spring when the extension is 4.0cm.
    (c) One end of the spring is attached to a fixed point. A cylinder that is submerged in a liquid is now suspended from the other end of the spring, as shown in Fig. 3.2.
    The cylinder has length 5.8cm, cross-sectional area 1.2 × 10−3m2 and weight 6.20N. The cylinder is in equilibrium when the extension of the spring is 4.0cm.
    (i) Show that the upthrust acting on the cylinder is 0.60N.
    (ii) Calculate the difference in pressure between the bottom face and the top face of the cylinder.
    (iii) Calculate the density of the liquid
    (d) The liquid in (c) is replaced by another liquid of greater density.
    State the effect, if any, of this change on:
    (i) the upthrust acting on the cylinder
    (ii) the extension of the spring.

  1. (a) State the principle of superposition
    (b) A transmitter produces microwaves that travel in air towards a metal plate, as shown in Fig. 4.1.
    The microwaves have a wavelength of 0.040m. A stationary wave is formed between the transmitter and the plate.
    (i) Explain the function of the metal plate
    (ii) Calculate the frequency, in GHz, of the microwaves.
    (iii) A microwave receiver is initially placed at position X where it detects an intensity minimum. The receiver is then slowly moved away from X directly towards the plate.
  • Determine the shortest distance from X of the receiver when it detects another intensity minimum.
  • Determine the number of intensity maxima that are detected by the receiver as it moves from X to a position that is 9.1cm away from X.
  1. A source of sound is attached to a rope and then swung at a constant speed in a horizontal circle, as illustrated in Fig. 5.1.
    The source moves with a speed of 12.0ms−1 and emits sound of frequency 951Hz. The speed of the sound in the air is 330ms−1. An observer, standing a very long distance away from the source, hears the sound.
    (a) Calculate the minimum frequency, to three significant figures, of the sound heard by the observer.
    (b) The circular path of the source has a radius of 2.4m.
    Determine the shortest time interval between the observer hearing sound of minimum frequency and the observer hearing sound of maximum frequency.
  2. (a) State Kirchhoff’s first law.
    (b) A battery of electromotive force (e.m.f.) 12.0V and internal resistance r is connected to a filament lamp and a resistor, as shown in Fig. 6.1.
    The current in the battery is 3.6A and the current in the resistor is 2.1A. The I-V characteristic for the lamp is shown in Fig. 6.2.
    (i) Determine the resistance of the lamp in Fig. 6.1.
    (ii) Determine the internal resistance r of the battery.
    (iii) The initial energy stored in the battery is 470kJ. Assume that the e.m.f. and the current in the battery do not change with time.
    Calculate the time taken for the energy stored in the battery to become 240kJ.
    (iv) The filament wire of the lamp is connected in series with the adjacent copper connecting wire of the circuit, as illustrated in Fig. 6.3.
    Some data for the filament wire and the adjacent copper connecting wire are given in Table 6.1.
  3. (a) The results of the α-particle scattering experiment provide evidence for the structure of the atom.
    Result 1: The vast majority of the α-particles pass straight through the metal foil or are deviated by small angles.
    Result 2: A very small minority of α-particles is scattered through angles greater than 90°.
    State what may be inferred (deduced) from:
    (i) result 1
    (ii) result 2.
    (b) A radioactive decay sequence contains four nuclei, P, Q, R and S, as shown.
    Nucleus S is an isotope of nucleus P.
    (i) Determine the proton number and the nucleon number of nucleus S.
    (ii) The quark composition of a nucleon in Q changes as Q decays to form R.
    Describe this change to the quark composition of the nucleon.

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