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When you deposit money in a bank, the bank usually pays you for the use of your money. When you take out a loan from a bank, you have to pay the bank for the use of their money. In both cases, the money paid is called the interest
The Simple Interest Formula is given by
Simple Interest = Principal × Interest Rate × Time
I = Prt
The Principal (P) is the amount of money deposited or borrowed.
The Interest Rate (r) is a percent of the principal earned or paid.
The Time (t) is the length of time the money is deposited or borrowed.
Sarah deposits $4,000 at a bank at an interest rate of 4.5% per year. How much interest will she earn at the end of 3 years?
Simple Interest = 4,000 × 4.5% × 3 = 540
She earns $540 at the end of 3 years.
Wanda borrowed $3,000 from a bank at an interest rate of 12% per year for a 2-year period. How much interest does she have to pay the bank at the end of 2 years?
Simple Interest = 3,000 × 12% × 2 = 720
She has to pay the bank $720 at the end of 2 years.
Raymond bought a car for $40, 000. He took a $20,000 loan from a bank at an interest rate of 15% per year for a 3-year period. What is the total amount (interest and loan) that he would have to pay the bank at the end of 3 years?
Simple Interest = 20,000 × 13% × 3 = 7,800
At the end of 3 years, he would have to pay
$20,000 + $7,800 = $27,800
Tutorial on Simple Interest
1. Ian is investing $4,000 for 2 years. The interest rate is 5.5%. How much interest will Ian earn after 2 years?
2. Doug made a 3 year investment. The interest rate was 4.5%. After 3 years, he earned $675 in interest. How much was his original investment?
3. Kim got a loan of $4700 to buy a used car. The interest rate is 7.5%. She paid $1057.50 in interest. How many years did it take her to pay off her loan?
How to solve interest problems using the simple interest formula?
Interest represents a change in money.
If you have a savings account, the interest will increase your balance based upon the interest rate paid by the bank.
If you have a loan, the interest will increase the amount you owe based upon the interest rate charged by the bank.
1. If you invest $3,500 in savings account that pays 4% simple interest, how much interest will you earn after 3 years? What ill the new balance be?
2. You borrow $6000 from a loan shark. If you will owe $7200 in 18 months, what would be the simple interest rate?
How to use the formula for simple interest to find the principal, the rate or the time?
1. An investment earned $11.25 interest after 9 months. The rate was 5%. What was the principal?
2. $2000 was invested for 3 years. It earned $204 in interest. What was the rate?
3. A loan of $1200 had $36 in interest. The rate was 6%. What was the length of the loan?
How to solve simple interest problems, compound interest problems, continuously compounded interest problems, and determining the effective rate of return?
The following table gives the Formulas for Simple Interest, Compound Interest, Continuously Compounded Interest.
Examples of Simple Interest problems
1. Joseph buys a new home using an interest only loan where he pays only the interest on the value of the home each month. The home is valued at $200,000 and Joesph pays 5% interest per year on the home. How much is his monthly interest payment?
2. Anthony puts $10000 dollars into a savings account that pays interest every month at a rate of 1.8% per year. How much money does Anthony have after one month? If he leaves his original investment and the first month of interest in the account, how much will he have after the second month?
Examples of Compound Interest problems
1. Matt is saving for a new car. He invests $5000 into an account that pays 3% interest a year and is compound monthly. How much will he have after 5 years?
2. Matt is planning to buy a car in three years. He wants to invest $5000 now and hopes to have $6000 to spend on the car when he buys it. What kind of interest rate would he need if his investment is compounded monthly?
Examples of Continuously Compounded Interest Problems
1. Lindsey invests $1000 into an account with 4% per year continuously compounded interest. How much will she have after 10 years? How long will it take for her investment to double?
2. Tony and Matt both incest $5000 in an account that receives 3% interest annually for 10 years. Tony invests in an account that is compounded monthly. Matt invests in an account that is compounded continuously. Who made the better investment.
Examples of Effective Rate of Return
1. If $2500 is invested at 5% compounded monthly, what is the effective rate of return. What is the effective rate of return if this investment is compounded semiannually?
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