The Noun

In this lesson, we will learn about nouns. The different categories of nouns: common and proper nouns, concrete and abstract nouns, compound and collective nouns.

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IELTS, TOEFL and English as a Second Language

A noun is a word used to name a person, place, thing or idea.

Examples of nouns:

Persons: Joshua, Mr. Smith, fire fighter, men, Canadians

Places: New York, England, kitchen, city

Things: book, novel, pens, cars, computers

Ideas: obedience, happiness, weakness, pride

Common and Proper Nouns

There are two classes of nouns, proper nouns and common nouns.

  • A proper noun names a particular person, place or thing, and is always capitalized.
  • A common noun names any one of a group of persons, places, or things, and is not capitalized.

Common Nouns

Proper Nouns

man

Peter, John, Mr. Jones

city

New York, Boston, Sydney

month

January, March, December


Compound Nouns

It is possible for two or more words to be used together as a noun. These word groups are called compound nouns.

The parts of a compound noun may be written as one word, as two or more words, or may be hyphenated.

Examples of compound nouns:

One word: Basketball, schoolteacher, housekeeper
Two or more words: fire fighter, tennis ball, commander in chief
Hyphenated word: mother-in-law, ice-cream, baby-sitter

Collective Nouns

Collective Nouns name a group of persons or things.

Examples of collective nouns:

Committee, club, herd, flock, class, audience, assembly, family

Videos

The following video explains common, proper, compound, and collective nouns. Learn about six different categories of nouns: common and proper, concrete and abstract, compound and collective.





The following video gives more examples of nouns: Singular Nouns, Plural Nouns, Irregular Nouns, Proper Nouns, Common Nouns, Possessive Nouns,

Singular and Plural Nouns
The singular form of a noun refers to one person, place or thing.
The plural form of a noun refers to two or more persons, places or things.
There are several different rules about forming plural nouns.
1. Most nouns form the plural form by adding the letter "s" to the singular form of the word.
2. Nouns that end in ch, sh, ss, x or z form the plural form by adding "es".
3. Some nouns that end in f or fe form the plural by changing the f or fe to "ves"
4. If the singlar noun ends in a y, change the y to an i and add "es"
5. Irregular plural nouns
6. There a many animal words that have the same singular and plural form



Possessive Nouns
How to form the possessive noun?





Nouns for Kids

The Noun Song.
This Noun Music Video will teach the basic definition of a common noun. A noun is a part of speech that names a person, place, or thing. The song will go over how a noun is a word that can be a person, a place, a thing, and an idea. The noun movie will give examples of common nouns for people, places, things, and ideas.



The following series of animated videos are suitable to teach kids about nouns, and the difference between common and proper nouns, concrete and abstract nouns, collective and compound nouns.

Noun Song from Grammaropolis - "Noun Town"

Lyrics:

VERSE 1

Nouns! Step right up and show me what you got for me this morning
I give common sounds to common nouns, I try to give 'em names unboring
That's an ostrich -- next!
That's a toy store -- next!
That's a snorkel -- next!
That's a -- Seriously? Mt. Rushmore?
How'd you even get that in here?
That's a proper noun -- Next!

A common noun names a general person, place, thing, or idea.
A proper noun names an actual person, place, thing, or idea.

Common nouns
Make 'em sound
Common nouns
All around

A lady -- who?
A planet -- zoom!
Volcano -- boom!
Declaration -- Woo hoo!

And proper nouns
Make 'em sound
Proper nouns
Let's get down with

Lucy
Mars
Krakatoa
And the Declaration Of Independence

CHORUS 1

Noun Town
What's that sound?
A person, place or thing is found in
Noun Town
So profound
Name ideas, mess around with
Who is that guy?
What is that thing?
What is that place?
I'll name and you sing

'Cause I'm a noun noun noun noun
Noun noun noun noun
Noun

VERSE 2

Announcer: Now serving concrete and abstract nouns...

I suppose you want me to explain what those are.
Listen up, I'm only sayin' this once

A concrete noun is somethin' I believe I oughtta mention
A concrete noun is somethin' you perceive with your five senses

You can see -- the beach!
You can hear -- the drums!
You can taste -- a peach!
You can smell -- rotten eggs!
Yuck! -- better not eat those now
Or you can touch a concrete noun

An abstract noun's a complicated nounified idea
You simply cannot hear or taste or smell or touch or see an

Abstract noun
What's that sound?
Well it ain't an abstract noun
Examples please
Yes sirree
An abstract noun could always be:

Love, honor, loyalty, friendship, hatred
That's not very nice
Well, abstract nouns can add some spice
Now we'll sing the Chorus twice

CHORUS 2

Noun Town
What's that sound?
A person, place or thing is found in
Noun Town
So profound
Name ideas, mess around with
Who is that guy?
What is that thing?
What is that place?
I'll name and you sing

'Cause I'm a noun noun noun noun
Noun noun noun noun
Noun noun noun noun
Noun noun noun noun

VERSE 3

ANNOUNCER:
Are you a lonely Noun? Looking to mix it up with other Nouns?
Then you'll LOVE becoming a Compound Noun!
Dial this number now...

Compound nouns are fun to make in clear or stormy weather
You take more than one noun and you simply smash 'em all together

Like a knucklehead -- Check!
Or a shortcake -- Yeah!
Or an eggplant -- Yek!
Or a bellyache -- Waa!

Or a bellyflop, windshield
Football, ironman
Jack-o'-lantern, horseshoe
Grasshopper, suntan

Collective nouns are groups of things I'll help you understand
A family or assembly or Doctor Noize's Band

A flock of seagulls with a gaggle of geese
A team of players or a squad of police
A pod of whales beside a school of sharks
I saw a pride of lions chase an armory of aardvarks

Aardvarks?
Aardvarks
Seriously, I did
I saw 'em in the dark
On a lark in the park

Collective nouns
They're all around
And compound nouns
Now let's get down in...

CHORUS 3:

Noun Town
What's that sound?
A person, place or thing is found in
Noun Town
So profound
Name ideas, mess around with
Who is that guy?
What is that thing?
What is that place?
I'll name and you sing

'Cause I'm a noun noun noun noun
Noun noun noun noun
Noun noun noun noun
Noun noun, let's get down with
Nouns







Classic Schoolhouse Rock : A Noun is a Person, Place, or Thing

Well, every person you can know
And every place that you can go
And any thing that you can show
You know they're nouns
A noun's a special kind of word
It's any name you ever heard
I find it quite interesting
A noun's a person, place or thing

Oh, I took a train, took a train
To another state
The flora and the fauna that I saw were really great
But when I saw some bandits chasing the train
I was wishing I was back home again
I took a train, took a train
To another state

Well, every person you can know
And every place that you can go
And any thing that you can show

You know they're nouns
You know they're nouns, oh!

Mrs. Jones is a lady on Hudson Street
She sent her dog to bark at my brother and me
We gave her dog a big fat bone
And now he barks at Mrs. Jones
She's a lady who lives on Hudson Street

Well, every person you can know
And every place that you can go
And anything that you can show

Well, you know they're nouns
You know they're nouns, oh!

I took a ferry to the Statue of Liberty
My best friend was waiting there for me
(He took an early ferry)
We went for a walk on the island, you know
And in the middle of summer it started to snow
When I took a ferry to the Statue of Liberty

Well, every person you can know
And every place that you can go
And anything that you can show

Well, you know they're nouns
You know they're nouns, oh!

I put a dime in the drugstore record machine
Oldie-goldies started playing - you know what I mean
I heard Chubby Checker, he was doing the twist
And the Beatles and the Monkees
It goes like this
I put a dime in the drugstore record machine

Well, every person you can know
And every place that you can go
And anything that you can show

Well, you know they're nouns

A noun's a special kind of word
It's any name you ever heard
I find it quite interesting
A noun's a person, place or thing
A noun is a person, place or thing

Sorting Common and Proper Nouns







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